Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1904-1905

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic




Aegyptischo und Ghriechische Eigennamcn am Mumienetilcetten, in Ilev.
Arch. v. 435, with useful bibliography and additions.


Prof. Petrie has at length published the third volume of his History of
Egypt, covering the period from the XlXth to the XXXth Dynasties, and
completing the series. Like the others, it is full of new views and minor
re-arrangements, and forms a most valuable store of references.

Maspero's compact Histoire Ancienne des iPeuples da VOrient (in one
volume) has appeared in a sixth edition, entirely recast and with a number
of illustrations added.

Sethe has completed his study of the earliest history of Egypt, the first
part of which appeared in 1903 (A. E. 1902-3, p. 23). He now finishes
section (4), the subject being the development of dating by years, and
shows that the word for " year " used in dating preserves a remarkable
relic of an ancient method of dating by biennial, changing (in the course
of the A7Ith Dynasty) to animal, censuses of property.

(5) Concerns chronology, see below.

(6) A very suggestive section on Menes and the foundation of Memphis.
Sethe finds some confirmation of Herodotus' account. The Memphite
nome may really have been won by the king of Upper Egypt from the
marshes of Lower Egypt by means of a dyke. Memphis was as old as
Menes, though its ordinary name was taken from the pyramid of Pepy I.
The city seems to have been established by Menes as a stronghold, named
" The White Walls," on the border of Upper Egypt, to observe and
menace the lower country. Festivals relating to the foundation of this
stronghold were celebrated at Memphis down to the time of the Ptolemies.
Soon after its foundation Lower Egypt was united to Upper Egypt,
Memphis became the capital of the two lands, and there the kings resided,
though they were buried, until late in the Illrd Dynasty, at Abydos, iu
their native Thinite nome. Sethe, Untersuchungen, iii. 65.

Mr. Newberry connects the hawk in the Horus-title of the kings with
Hieraconpolis. Originally the totem of the tribe, it became the emblem of
the district, and the badge of the chief who ultimately conquered all Egypt.
P. 5. B. A. xxvi. 295.

M. Legrain proposes to read the royal name on the Stobart stela from
El Kab, usually attributed to Usertesen II, as Seshemu, probably one of
the earliest kings. P. S. B. A. xxvii. 10(5.

Petrie corrects some of M. Legrain's remarks of the previous year on
the inscriptions of Sabah Eigaleb. Ann. v. 144.
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