Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1904-1905

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


Macalister publishes a marriage scarab of Amenbotep III and Tiy, and
others from Gezer, P. E. F. Q. S. 1905,186 (cf. Petrie, ib. 244), and various
scarabs, etc., ib. 1904, 328, 336, an Egyptian scimetar, ib. 335, and an
inscribed Egyptian statuette, etc., ib. 1905, 317. The statuette is a very
important relic if the inscription can be read.

CI. Ganneau publishes the early Phoenician inscription from Byblos
engraved on a block of Sheshonk I. Bee. d'Arch. Or. vi. p. 74 : note on
the Aramaic stela of Shemiti (see last Keport, p. 48), ib. 117 : on the
Nabataean inscriptions from Upper Egypt, ib. 121: tin the Bodleian Aramaic
papyrus aud ostraca from Elephantine, ib. 147 ; long and important paper
on many Aramaic texts from Egypt including the Strassburg Papyrus,
ib. 221, the chief novelties outside details of interpretation being the name
of Artaxerxes upon a fragment of papyrus from Saqqara (p. 255), and the
identification of a graffito published in several copies (p. 267): note on the
Phoenician and Aramaic graffiti published by Miss Murray from Abydos,
ib. 391. The same scholar publishes a statuette of Isiswith dedication by
a Phoenician to Ashtoreth. Comptes Eenclus, 1904, 472.

Johns illustrates from Assyrian a rare word, nibzu, " written acknow-
ledgment of debt," in the Bodleian Aramaic papyrus. P. 8. JJ. A.
xxvii. 187.

Baron Landau, in an illustrated report on the excavations at the temple
of Eshmun at Sidon, publishes a fragment with the Horus name of Achoris
of the XXIXth Dynasty : and suggests that a piece obtained in 1894 with
the name of Necho may be from the same temple. Mittheil. Vorderas.
Ges. 1904, 342, and pi. xii.

Lefebure contributes to the Recueil des Mem. en I'honneur du XlVvte
Congres des Orientalistes a Alger a paper on the names in the Egyptian
Pantheon which have a Semitic or, on the contrary, an indigenous
appearance. He finds much that may be Semitic, and concludes that the
higher portion of the Egyptian religion may be foreign, the remainder
indigenous, consisting of animal totems, &c.

Husing suggests that the ape form of Thoth as the writing god
may have been brought from the Persian Gulf. O. L. Z. vii. 389.

Leumann, who suggested as long ago as 1897 that Serapis was
Sarapsi, "King of the Deep " = the Babylonian Ea, considers that recent
investigation has confirmed this. Beitrage z. alt. Gesch. iv. 396.

Ahmed Bey Kamal suggests connexions between certain Arabic and
Egyptian words, llec. de Trav. xxvii. 31.

A Jewish Aramaic papyrus of the Roman period containing accounts.
CI. Ganneau, Comptes Rendu*, 1905, 311.
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