Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1904-1905

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Christian Egypt.


by Leipoldt,31 who proposes a few corrections in the text; and by Dele-


The articles upon Egyptian monasticism, written some years since by
Schiwietz (v. Report, 1899-1900, 49) and now issued in book form, are
reviewed by Butler,33 who finds them inadequate in the light of our
actual knowledge, though still useful as a compilation.

From an Arabic text, printed and translated by Salmon,31 we learn how
a Christian vizir of the 11th century built the churches of SS. Sergius
and Barbara in Old Cairo. Whether this is to be regarded as historical
or legendary, we shall hope to learn when the promised commentary
appears. Clermont Ganneau has meanwhile published some notes and
suggestions as to the text.35

Clement VIII {oh. 1605) was one of the popes who was concerned to
win the Egyptian church to communion with Borne. Certain Arabic
letters received by him in this connection from Gabriel VIII and the
Coptic clergy, and preserved in the Vatican, are printed by Babbath.30
They include Gabriel's confession of faith.

Evetts has completed the second part of his edition of the Chronicle
of Severus (v. Report, 1903-04, 80), carrying it down to the death of
Benjamin (a.d. 602 v!~ The same MSS. are used as in the first part. It
is greatly to be hoped that he will continue his work to the conclusion of
the Chronicle.

In Graf's account of Arabic Christian writers down to the end of the
11th century,38 sections are devoted to Eutychius and Severus of Ash-
munain. The rest of the book is occupied with Syrians.

Into a short study of "The Bise of the Coptic Church," Leipoldt has
compacted many new facts and fresh points of vie\v.3y He dwells on the
antiquity of the three Coptic Bible versions, and on the early appearance
among the martyrs of genuine Egvptian names, and thence argues that a
national church must have been fully rooted before 250. The character
of that church partook of the popular piety of the preceding ages, little
influenced by the sacerdotal religion, which vanished about the time of
Becius. The religion of one or two generations later is displayed to us in
the writing's of Shenoute, from which L. selects an unpublished text to
illustrate the impotence of the civil government and the power of the
church about the year 400. After this climax, however, came decadence,
whereof the growth of magic literature is among the significant symptoms.
It is a pity that this interesting article should have appeared in so
ephemeral a form.

The "second edition" of Duchesne's well-known EglUea aepareea40
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