Progress of Egyptology.
Fayyuin, becomes more tainted as the distance from that centre increases,
and that the disturbing influence is much more potent on the Sa'idic than
on the northern side.
Two short texts published by A. Deiber may be classed here.00 The
first is an inscription from the neighbourhood of Touho; the second a
letter on papyrus. In the former, it may be remarked that Pshempinoule
is a male name of which other examples exist: and in the latter, that the
unknown name Promao suggests as a possible emendation that of the
Hieroglyphic etymologies are offered by Sethe for two Coptic words/1
and by W. Otto for the measure aaiSiov which occurs in Coptic
The third part of- Labib's Coptic-Arabic dictionary has appeared,03
embracing the letters II to C, and reaching to page 207.
Leipoldt has compiled indexes of the names and Arabic, Greek and
Coptic words in the first volume of the Berlin JJrhnnden, i.e., excluding the
6. Archaeology, Art.—An account of another season's excavation at
Bawit (v. Report, 1903-04, 84) is given by Cledat,65 who describes the
better preserved among some thirty more " chapels." Each of these was
roofed by a cupola not unlike those seen in the Egyptian cemeteries of to-
day. The frescoes include scenes in the life of Christ and of David. In
one of the former the figure described as beneath Christ's chariot wheels
would presumably be a heretic or persecutor; while in another the
equestrian with his sons may be a military saint, like George or Theodore.
There remains still, C. says, much more to be done on this most interesting
C. B. Peers, who last year contributed an architectural note to the texts
from the White Monastery published by Crura, has now printed a full
account of his studies at the monastery with Somers Clarke's plan (where-
with De Bock's may be compared) and several good drawings.00
Two granite columns, found in situ near the Arsenal at Alexandria, are
claimed by Dutilh for the ancient church of Theonas.0Ca
In his second volume on El Ainarna,0*' Davies describes the remains of
a village, apparently Coptic, perched high on the rocks in front of a row of
ancient tombs. In one of the latter there was a church, of which the
frescoed apse is recognizable (pi. xxvi).
M. Jullien describes the present state and sketches the history of the
Eoman fortress and Coptic stronghold of Kasr esh-Shama', at Old Cairo.08
The Mokaukas, it may be observed, was no Jacobite.