Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1908-1909

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


"The largest room found was the great refectory, a room 22 by
13 metres with a small chapel to the S.E., once separated by, a wooden
screen. Only on one side, the north, was much of the wall left; here,
however, a late buttress had preserved the lower part of a large picture
representing the sacrifice of Isaac.

" The floor of the room was almost untouched, and on it were many
inscriptions, often merely names with the prints of men's feet in the stone.
These must have marked the place where the brethren stood or squatted at

" South of the refectory was an open paved yard, and re-used in the
paving were several epitaphs bearing dates of the Vlllth century.

" Against the N". wall, facing south, and in the open air was a pulpit,
much like the Arabic mimbar in appearance and surely its ancestor.
This is now in the Museum.

" A series of cells of monks were found; some of the monks seem to
have had more than one room: in this case it was the inner room that
contained the prayer-niche or oratory.

" Lamps, ostraca, many fragments of glass and wine-jar seals formed the
main classes of small antiquities. There were some coins, of Heraclius,
Phocas, Constantine II. and of the earliest Khalifate, but not many, and
few of them in good condition. Of written papyrus there were a few
scraps, nearly all Coptic, two or three Arabic; but in one room were
several basketsful of clean, unused papyrus."

Mr. Edgar reports from Lower Egypt:—

" As regards my district there are three important excavations going on
at present, the American at Licht, the British at Mit Eahineh, and the
German at the pyramid-temple of Khephren. The Erench Institute is
also preparing to work its concession at San. Apart from the above there
has been little to record, at least up to the time when I went on leave. A
private excavation near the Sphinx, under the superintendence of Ahmed
Bey KAMA.L, ended in the discovery of a Yth Dynasty tomb belonging to a
queen or princess of the family of Khephren and containing some damaged
statues. We have had a few good sebakh finds at Zawiet Bazin, Mit
Eahineh and other places, but nothing of first-rate interest. About half-
a-dozen small sites in the Delta have been excavated under our direction—
Kom Delinga, Ramses, Tell Om el Qatla and others—for settling whether
certain pieces of ground were worth retaining or for some such reason:
results were negative."

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