Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1908-1909

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Peogbess of Egyptology.

twelve of -which make up the book, suggesting that this unit may
represent the contents of a single roll; and that the section in question
corresponds approximately to one of these units. Jour.n. of Hell. Stud.
xxviii. 275.

Asia Mlnob, etc. A monograph on the letter of Tushratta, in the
Mitannian language, considered to be Caucasian and allied to Hittiie.
F. Boek, Mitth. d. Vorderas. Gescllschaft, 1909, 1.

Mesopotamia, Syria, Semites.

■Egypt in Asia, by G. Coemack, is an attempt to bring into focus the
material illustrating the relations of Egypt with Syria from internal and
external sources. The author is not an Egyptologist.

In The Religion of Ancient Palestine, by Stanley A. Cook (a small but
interesting volume dealing with Palestine before the Exodus), evidence
from Egyptology takes a prominent place.

Spiegelbeeg publishes four new Egyptian representations of the god
Kesheph, O.L.Z. xi. 529.

Sethe recognises the name of Byblos—Kebni (later Kepni)—in the Old
Kingdom, and finds a record at Elephantine of a voyage thither under the
\7Ith Dynasty; he also recognises the name for the ships which traded
thither, built of cedar of Lebanon, and connects the name of the cedar with
a root meaning " sigh " or the like, and would identify the ipelicr) of the
Osiris myth with the cedar. A.Z. xlv. 7.

The same scholar points out the earliest occurrence of the name Frikhu,
" Phoenicians," in a text of Dyn. V. A.Z. xlv. 140.

Btjeney throws out the interesting suggestion that Ammuenshi in the
Sinuhi story is a name, of the form Amminadab, etc., meaning " kinsman of
the ass" (the second element being a Sumerian word), and that con-
sequently he may have been sheikh of the " sons of Hamor " in the district
of Shechem. Joum. Theol. Studies, x. 586.

Max Buechaedt in Die Althanaandischen Fremdworte und Figennamcn
in Aegyptischen, Erste Teil, analyses fully the Egyptian orthography of the
Palestinian names and words from the abundant collections for the Berlin
Dictionary and unpublished material. The " syllabic" writing is not an
attempt to render vowels, although in some cases it indicates whether a
consonant is or is not followed by a vowel.

Mullee suggests that wiry, as the name of a hoe, is a borrowed
north-Semitic word, and concludes from this and other indications that
Syrian civilisation is as old as Egyptian. O.L.Z, xii. 107,
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