Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1908-1909

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


In the second volume of the Transactions of the Third Congress of the
History of Religions, held at Oxford in September 1908, there are printed
the stimulating address of Prof. Petrie to the Egyptian section, bristling
with ideas, and a number of special papers, viz.:—discussion of the
statuettes of corn-grinders, by Cap art, abstract of notes on the nature of
Egyptian magic, by Gardlnek, remarks on some early Egyptian cults, by
Newbebry, on the treatment of the dead, by W. Schmidt, a text relating
to the cult of the king, by Moket, on priesthoods held by women, by
Miss MuRRA\r, on historical references in Hermetic writings, by Petrie,
and on some paintings from Pompeii referring to the cult of Isis, by

Several articles on Egyptian matters are contributed to the Cyclopaedia
of Religions and Ethics by Griffith, Hall, and Petpje.

G. Foucart in his Methode comparative dans I'histoire des Religions urges
the employment (with caution) of the comparative method; he recommends
Egyptian religion as the type for study owing to its long documentary
history, and discusses certain phenomena on these lines. Keviewed by
S. K., Rev. Arch. xiii. 191.

In Personal Religion in Egypt before Christianity Petrie argues that the
Hermetic writings range in date from 500 to 200 b.c., as against the usual
attribution of them to a post-Christian age, and endeavours to trace the
development of beliefs in them. There is also an interesting chapter on
Apollonius of Tyana.

A. Moret has printed a lecture on L'immortalite de VAme ct la sanction
morale dans I'Egypte Ancienne, delivered at the Musee Guimet, showing
the progress of the idea of rewards and punishments after death until at
length all the injustices of this world were thought to be repaired in the
future life.

Neither the surviving altars in the temples nor the scenes of sacrifice in
the New Kingdom in which fire is shown with offerings give support to
the idea that holocausts were offered. Kyle, Rec. de Trav. xxxi. 49.

In the decree of Canopus the figure of the child Berenice is to be carried
in the arms of a priest: this is accounted for by the deified princess having
died in babyhood ; a similar practice is observable in regard to the child-
deity Nephotes. Spiegelberg, A.Z. xlv. 91.

A ushabti box at Berlin is for a " fifth " prophet of Amnion, perhaps only
by mistake for " fourth." TVreszixski, O.L.Z. xi. 471.

The Theban Hermes named " Thoth hears." Spiegelberg, A.Z. xlv. 89.

Boeder traces the history of the identification of the goddesses Sothis
and Satis. In Egypt generally it can be found as early as the XXVIth
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