Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1908-1909

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Progress of Egyptology.

normally belonging to sing, in -6, but also to those in -e. The true plur.
of this latter group is shown, from Achrmmic forms, to be in -eive.
further, the plurals in -e are properly collectives, in fem. sing., and this
can be traced in the ancient language likewise.

Spiegelbeeg discusses87 three points of grammar and etymology, among
them, an instance of he, meaning (as Zoega had suspected) abortum facere.
But if we read e- for ?} here, it seems unnecessary to assume this new

A. Gardiner shows88 that the negative mpe- is composed of a verb p\{w),
indicating past action, and the particle bw.

F. vox Calice would derive imperative anine from 'eni-nai ' bring me.'
The parallel arire might be formed on analogy.89

Anderssox claims priority in recognition of a meaning 'again' for je-
(v. last Report 71), which Spiegelberg has since noticed.90

The date to which the Cambyses story (v. Report 1899-1900, 55) should
be assigned is still uncertain. Spiegelberg 91 would bring it down to
muslim times, on the ground that two of its names can best be explained
as Arabic: 'Sanouth • = sanut 'milksop' (a suggestion of Setiie's), and
' Bothor' = Bu'tor — Victor.

In his publication of the Bylands demotic papyri, Griffith 92 devotes an
instructive section to the examination of the Greek and Coptic evidence
for pronunciation in the latest pagan periods. The month-names give the
fullest results, but a large number of proper names and words are also
investigated. The Coptic dialects are distinctly traceable in the later
demotic texts.

M. Guidi and j. PsiCHARI are, it is said,93 occupied (? conjointly) in the
investigation of the Greek element in Coptic. No branch of Coptic studies
is more in need of exploration.

8. Art, Archaeology, Excavations. — Some years ago Maspero proposed to
see in the ruins at Bas el-Gisr, nefir Sakkarah, the site of the monastery of
St. Jercmias, the existence of which was independently known from
documents. Quibell's excavations94 have shown that the monastery was
very extensive and profusely, if not richly, decorated. Five cells and an
adjacent chapel have been laid bare. A Greek graffito is dated by
Grenfell in the 8th century. The frescoes are similar, in general style, to
those at Bawit; the wall decoration frequently aim3 at representing
tapestry {e.g. pi. lviii). Among the saints represented or invoked, Apollo
and Enoch are as usual conspicuous. The portrait of the founder, Jeremias
(pi. lx), is unusually life-like, and if the square nimbus indicates an
actually contemporary likeness, we should have here an important piece
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