Ars: časopis Ústavu Dejín Umenia Slovenskej Akadémie Vied — 1985

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On Problems of Incorporation of Works of Fine Arts into the Environment
of Housing Estâtes

Fine arts také a significant place in the formation
of housing estâtes, they contribute to the humaniza-
tion of the environment. Theory examines principles
and possibilities to incorporate Works of fine arts into
the urbanized space, it examines principles of the in-
tégration of different components in the environment.
The question of spacial interrelations of the elements
of the resulting structure is of great importance.
A mural work of art links up with the layout sys-
tém of articulation of architectural object and it is in
this way that it subordinates to it, though by its own
character it exceeds architectural trame and becomes
a counter-point of the whole composition. In connection
with architecture mural works enter the real urban
space — they enrich and extend their own meaning
and become spécifie environmental elements.
The intégration of entirely voluminous environmen-
tal objects into architecture gives a broad scale of
possibilities to form mutual interconnections. A work
of art can be active together with architecture (hence
it resembles the case already mentioned), it can, how-
ever, keep up a higher degree of autonomy and act
as pendant to the architecture in its space-organizing
(urbanistic) function. In this case its relationship to
architecture is more dynamic.

Preconditions to reach balance in the resulting
structure are the unity of contents and conjunction
of its components, a conséquent unfolding of their
common ideal juncture.
Numerous housing estâtes with works of fine arts
incorporated were realized during the period of so-
cialist build-up. This sphere of Creative activity is
characterized by some basic facts. It is námely the de-
pendence of the character and quality of works on
conditions of social occurrences. Idéologie, functional,
économie as well as material-technological factors
reflected themselves not only in the architectural
expression of housing estâtes but also in the works of
art, thus influencing their content, form and tech-
nology.
We meet an intentional création of plain-air works of
visual arts for dwelling estâtes (in our country) as late
as in the first half of the fifties. The construction as
well as fine arts création are characterized by the use
of traditional compositional schemes, formes, and tech-
nologies. (Especially sgraffito is used to a great ex-
tent.) In the second half of the fifties and at the be-
ginning of the sixties a graduai change of views
works of fine art (that means architecture, too) takes
place. It goes hand in hand with technological chang-
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