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Instytut Historii Sztuki <Posen> [Editor]
Artium Quaestiones — 22.2011

DOI issue: DOI article: DOI Page / Citation link: 
https://doi.org/10.11588/diglit.29070#0103

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TADEUSZ J. ZUCHOWSKI

CEREMONIAŁ AND ARCHITECTURE.
THE ORIGIN OF PAPAL CEREMONIAŁ
AND ITS INFLUENCE UPON ARCHITECTUREi

The papai seat in Vatican is m /olo or&e i/errarum prne/elur
praece/^h pa/n/hs. Its status is due to several centuries of unbroken tra-
dition, which, in its immutability, defined and sanctioned the position of
papacy. This involved the normative role of both the papai pałace and
the ceremoniał performed there.2 To understand the residential order
determined by architecture, it is necessary to find the functional princi-
ples resulting from ceremoniał organisation. Studies of court ceremoniał
prove extremely hełpful in this respect.3
„Ceremony is a solemn act or rite involving selected people, taking
place in a specific space and at a given time, following a set plan and ob-

1 This article is a English revised version of one of Chapters from my book Pałac
Papieski na Wa/yAanie od Aońca V do pocza/An AW nneAa (The Papai Pałace in the Vati-
can from the end of the 5^ century to the beginning of the 16^ century), Poznań 1999,
pp. 45-61.
2 J.J. Berns/ Th. Rahn, Zeremonie// and As/Ae/iA, (in:) Zeremonie// a/s Ao/iscAe
As/Ae/iA - Zeremonie// a/s Ao/iscAe As/Ae/iA in Spa/mP/e/aPer and FrnArer Nenzei/, ed.
J.J. Berns/T. Rahn, Tubingen 1995; p. 650-665 (further abbrev.: Berns/Rahn), p. 652.
s 2000 Gottfried Kerscher published a book on the interdependence of court organi-
zation, ceremoniał, and architecture: Architektur ais Reprasentation. Spatmittelalterliche
Palastbaukunst zwischen Pracht und zeremonielłen Voraussetzungen: Avignon, Mallorca,
Kirchenstaat, Tubingen-Berlin 2000. His interest focused on the late-Avignon period and
the period after the popes' return to Romę (2^ half of the 14^ century). The main issues
were presented by Kerscher in his several papers: Idem, Priua/ranm and Zeremonie//
im Gpd/mi//eZa//er/icAen Paps/- and Foni^spa/as/, „Rbmisches Jahrbuch", 26, 1990,
p. 89-134; idem, Pa/azzi „prenascimen/a/iT ia „rocca^ di 5po/e//o e di Co/Zegio Fpapna
a Po/opna. ArcAi/e//nra de/ cardina/e Aegidins A/Aornoz, „Annali di architettura", 3, 1991,
p. 14-25; idem, Das mallorąuinische Zeremoniell am papstlichen Hof: Comederunt cum
papa rex maioricarum, (in:) Zeremonie// a/s Ao/iscAe As/Ae/iA i?7 <$*pd/miPe/a//er and
FrnArer Nenzei/, (cf. the notę 3) , p. 125-149; and the idem, Die PerspeA/ioe des Po/en/a/en.'
Di/ere7rziernnp non „Prioa//raA/" and Zeremonia/ranmen im spa/mi//e/aZ/er/icAen Pa/as/-
Aan, in: ZeremonieP and Panm 1200-1600, ed. Werner Paravicini, Sigmaringen 1997.
 
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