-I he river Maeander throughout the greatest extent of its course formed the boundary between
Lydia and Caria. Several tributary streams descending from the more elevated districts of Caria
flowed into the Maeander, between Antiocheia and Magnesia. Of these the names of Marsyas,
Harpasus, and Corsymus have been preserved to us.* Towards the sources of this last river, and
near the junction of a tributary named Timeles,+ stood a city which having been founded by the
Pelasgi-Leleges was thence called Lelegopolis. It was afterwards named Megalopolis, and re-
ceived the name also of Ninoe from Ninus,J who is supposed to have lived in the thirteenth cen-
tury B. C, and who according to Herodotus was the third in descent from Hercules father of
Agron, the founder of the Heracleid dynasty in Lydia.§
The name of Ninoe gave way to that of Aphrodisias, in consequence of the celebrity and
veneration, which the temple of Venus in this city had obtained. To this advantage and to the
preservation of its municipal freedom,|| a favour derived from Augustus in return for the services,
* Herodot. V. 118 ; Liv. XXXVIII. 13. K6paVfloQ or KoP- f Mionnet. Sestini ibid.—Boeckh C. Ins. Gr. No. 2782.
(twvoc is the name of a river on a coin of Aphrodisias. Mionnet, J Stephan. in MeyaXv ™\ic—Nivoj/. Suidas in Nivo»».
Med. Ant. III. p. 324 ; Sestini. CI. Gen. p. 87. Probably § Herodot. I. 7; J. Poll. Onom. IX. 12.
therefore the names Mossinus and Orsinus which the MSS. || Aphrodisienses liberi. Plin. H. N. V, 29.
of Pliny (V, 29) give as that of the river, which joins the
Maeander at Antiocheia are both incorrect.