Universitätsbibliothek HeidelbergUniversitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Evans, Arthur J.
The Palace of Minos: a comparative account of the successive stages of the early Cretan civilization as illustred by the discoveries at Knossos (Band 1): The Neolithic and Early and Middle Minoan Ages — London, 1921

DOI Page / Citation link: 
loading ...
1 cm
OCR fulltext

§ 9. M. M. II : (A) Consolidation of Knossian Palace.

Earlier Palace Plan consolidated; Its Regional arrangement—sttrvival
of original 'Insulae'; Great Cutting on E. slope; Architectural parallels
between Knossos and Phaestos; Roman and later Comparisons; Raised
Causeways; Orthostatic Walls; 'Kalder im' and 'Mosaiko ' paving; High
Column bases ; Use of variegated materials ; Early Palace types of Porch ;
N.W. Portico and Entrance system ; 'LustraT Basin and Initiatory Area;
Scene of purificatory rites for those entering Building; Early Shrines—
example at Phaestos; Miniature Terra-cotta Shrine from Loom Weight
Basement ad Knossos ; Columns with perched doves—sign of Divine Possession ;
Doves perched on Votaries at Knossos and Mycenae; Portable Seat for
Divinity or Priest ; Early use of palanquins.

We have seen that the foundation of the Palace at Knossos dates from
a time when the remains of the earlier phase (a) of the M. M. I style was
already stratified, or to shortly after 2000 b. c, the date of the beginning" of the
XI Ith Dynasty of Egypt. By the close of M.M. I b the Knossian Palace as we m. m. 1
know it seems to have been already laid out, including- its enceinte and en- PaiacesS.°*
trances and the general disposition of its several quarters round the Central
Court. But, though from the beginning we have to deal with a unitary plan, Aggrega-
the component parts at first largely existed as separate blocks or islands, which, units
as is best shown in the annexed diagrammatic Plan, Fig. 152,1 are clearly trace-
able through all later changes and have greatly facilitated its methodical de-
scription. The Corridors may originally have often been open gangways
between these ' insulae ', some of which, like the ' N.W. Bailey ', had a separate Regional
circumvallation. The N.E. quarter, indeed, had a gypsum facade, running ^em^'
from W. to E.,2and the curving corner of the facade of the W. Central block
has been already described.3 The S.E. ' Insula' is equally well delimited.

Very early in the Palace history, however, a process of organic fusion
set in. The early ' Keep', itself originally a conspicuous ' island ', was
absorbed by supplementary M. II constructions and its original lines over- Unifying
ridden. It is best to place this final consolidation of the building early in j^m^m.
its Second Middle Minoan phase. n-

The system thus evolved seems to have conformed in most of its main
lines with that which persisted into Late Minoan times. There were,
however, some noteworthy modifications. The existing West Porch is
a M. M. Ill construction. The three first Magazines of the old arrangement

1 Executed in accordance with my system 2 See below, p. 364, Fig. 264.
by Mr. Theodore Fyfe, F.R.I.B.A. 3 See above, p. 139 and Fig. 102.