Sherring, Matthew A.
The sacred city of the Hindus: an account of Benares in ancient and modern times — London, 1868

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APPENDIX C.

Eespecting Divod&s, Professor Wilson says:—" Some rather
curious legends are connected with this prince, in the Yayu and
Brahma Puranas, and Hari Yamsa, and, especially, in the Kasi
Khanda of the Skanda Purana. According to these authorities,
Siva and Parvati, desirous of occupying Kasi, which Divodasa pos-
sessed, sent Nikumbha, one of the Ganas of the former, to lead
the jprince to the adoption of Buddhist doctrines; in consequence
of which, he was expelled from the sacred city, and, according to
the Yayu, founded another on the banks of the Gomati.

"Some further illustration is derivable from the Mahabharate,
S'anti-Parvan, Dana-dharma. Haryaswa, the king of the Kasis,
reigning between the Ganges and the Yamuna (or in the Doab),
was invaded and slain by the Haihayas, a race descended, accord-
ing to this authority, from S'aryati, the son of Manu. Sudeva, the
son of Haryaswa, was also attacked and defeated by the same
enemies. Divodasa, his son, built and fortified Benares, as a de-
fence against the Haihayas; but in vain; for they took it, and
compelled him to fly. He sought refuge with Bharadwaja, by
whose favour he had a son born to him, Pratardana, who de-
stroyed the Haihayas, under their king Vitahavya, and re-estab-
lished the kingdom of Kasi."

Professor Wilson's Translation of the Vishnu Purana (Hall's
edition), vol. iv., pp. 33, 40.
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