visible horizontally bv a ssooring, and so gain him a
story above his ground plot. Such seems to have
been the first Ample model of convenient strufture
sor private habitation; the species of fabric with
which the following treatise is chiessy concerned.
How the component parts of this once establissied
form were, in the course of ages, progressively im-
proved ; plain props into columns ^ their superin-
cumbent beams into intablatures; the members of
these rendered distindt and pleasing to the eye, by
variety of mouldings os difserent heights, projec-
tions, &c. aptly combined and properly ornamented,
is briessy explained in the ensuing pages. Sussice it
to have hinted here that, from such rude beginnings,
the practice os building grew to the dignity of an
Art, whose productions have been the pride of sove-
reigns and the boast os nations.
To trace its progress towards perfection through
the several regions of the world, where it has in its
birth, growth and decline, followed the fortune of
empires; if it could be done with any degree of
success, would be an attempt much beyond the li-
mits and design of this introduction, intended only
to give the reader, new to the subjet, some very
general notion of the origin of Architeture, and of
the means of its revival in Europe and to make him
some what more particularly acquainted with those
artists and writers, who contributed most largely to
that revival by their researches and communications.
In Greece, some few years before c the Pelopon-
Redan war, the liberal arts had advanced the nearest
c About 44.0 years before the Christian /Era.