Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1901-1902

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Graeco-Eoman Egypt.


unimportant, has been made by Prof. Deissmann, of Heidelberg.35 By the
simple conversion of the word irokiTiKrjy (= a common woman) into the
proper name no\niKi)v in one of Messrs. Grenfell and Hunt's papyri
{Greek Papyri, ii. 73, now Brit. Mus. Pap. 713), the document in question
is shown to be a letter from one Christian presbyter in the Great Oasis to
another, commending to his care a Christian woman who had been banished
to the Oasis by the Soman governor of Egypt, probably during the persecu-
tion of Diocletian. No specially important information is derivable from
the letter, it is true ; but in this new light it becomes an interesting relic
of primitive Christianity in Egypt.

The department of palaeography is served by an examination of the
symbols used in non-literary papyri, by Dr. F. W. G. Foat.36 The
discussions are perhaps sometimes unnecessarily long, and some of the
explanations of the symbols may be questioned; but it is useful to have
the material brought together for examination. Dr. Foat's previous study
of ancient Greek tachygrapky is followed up by some further contributions
on the same subject by Dr. Wessely.37 Under its present management
the Archiv fur Stenographie seems willing to devote a good deal of its space
to this topic, Cronert having discussed in it the abbreviations employed
in literary papyri, especially those of Herculaneum,38 while Gitlbaur39
attempts to demonstrate the presence of genuine tachygraphic elements
in the abbreviations found in the well-known Aristotle papyrus.

Finally, in the department of grammar and linguistics, in which, so
far as the vast materials offered by the papyri are concerned, the founda-
tions were laid in Mayser's Grammatik der griechischen Papyri am der
Ptolemaerzeit, a number of notes have been published by Mr. J. H.
Moulton.40 It may safely be assumed that this branch of the subject will
receive special notice in the new edition of Passow's Lexikon which is
being prepared by Dr. Cronert, as it should also in the next edition of
Liddell and Scott.

A preliminary report has been issued by M. Jouguet41 of his explorations,
on behalf of the French School at Athens, at Medinet Mfidi and Medinet
Ghoran, in the southern part of the Fayum. The report gives a general
description of the work done, and of the mummies, pottery, and utensils
discovered, which resemble those described in Grenfell and Hunt's Fayum
Toivns. Like the two English explorers, to whose assistance he pays a
warm tribute, M. Jouguet's principal object was to find papyrus
cartoimages, and in this he was fairly successful. Some three hundred
pieces of papyrus have been recovered from the mummies of the Ptolemaic
cemetery of Ghoran, and the publication of the more important of these
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