religious literature, and the individual gods, with full indices. Reviewed1,
by Wiedemann, 0. L. Z. 1904, 145.
Wiedemann has contributed an elaborate article on the Egyptian?
religion to the "extra volume " of Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible.
Loret has contributed to the Revue Egyptologique xi. 69 an elaborate-
paper containing suggestions as to the primitive forms of certain Egyptian
cults with a view to explaining the origin of the sign ntr.
Review of Moret's Garactere religieux de la royautJ pharaonique by
Hubert. Rev. Arch., iv. ser. iii. 429.
Kristensen has written an article on the Egyptian religion concerning
the double functions of the deities as dead and alive, belonging to the
Upper and Under Worlds respectively, the living proceeding from the dead,
and the dead being the real source of life. Kings being divine partake of this
dual nature, and their Z-a-name is written within the representation of a
tomb ; even the cartouche oval l'epresents the outline of sarcophagi, at least
such a conclusion is suggested by the royal tombs of the New Kingdom.
The function of the gods is mainly to protect and renew the life of the dead.
Theol, TijdsJerift xxxviii. 233.
Petrie suggests that the animal gods have their names in a plural form.
P. S. B. A. xxvi. 113.
Palanque has written a monograph on the Nile, Le Nil a Vepoque
Pharaonique, son role et son culte en TSgypte, published in the Bihliotheque
de VEcole des Hautes Etudes, describing the beliefs of the Egyptians
regarding it, the festivals of the Nile at different periods, and the worship
of the Nile.
Breasted collects the names of Aten temples and foundations in Egypt
and Nubia, the most curious being G-em-aton in Nubia, which survived till
the sixth century b.c., though the local god was changed to Amon. The
writer notes that Kary, the southern limit of the empire of Amenhotep III.,
is identical with Napata, just below the Fourth Cataract. A. Z. xl. 106.
BlSSiNG on the cult of the obelisk, Rec. de Trav. xxv. 184; a Middle
Kingdom prayer to Khentkhety of Athribis. A. Z. xl. 145.
Spiegelberg, important paper on the worship of staves and wands in
Egypt, Rec. de Trav. xxv. 184, on titles and names of Apis and Mnevis,
Isis Neferses, and the god Mestasutmis, ib. xxvi. 44, 55, 56, and on the frog
as a symbol of resurrection, in Egyptian literature. Jacoby following with
an article on the same in later literature. Sphinx vii. 215.
Lefebyre, a discovery of tombs with small coffins containing figures of
Osiris, grouped round a rock at Tehneh. Ann. iv. 227.
Tueaieff has published two texts from the British Museum relating