Vogelsang's dissertation, die Klagen des Bauern, is reviewed by
Sriegelberg. O.L. Z. viii. 64.
Kevillout devotes the wbole of the 3rd livraison of his Revue
Egypiologique, tome xi., to the demotic " Historical Komance of. Petu-
bastes," with translation, transcriptions of the text into hieroglyphic, etc.;
to be continued.
The same scholar similarly edits the first nine columns of the Leiden
Moral Papyrus in Journ. Asiatique, Xme Ser. v. 193.
A. H. Gardiner has written an excellent and substantial monograph on
the Inscription of Mes, in Sethe's Untersuchungen, vol. iii. The text,
here revised, though imperfect, is of great importance as an illustration of
judicial procedure in a dispute about the inheritance of land in the New
Baillet studies a number of words used for " slave " and the like in
Egypt. Bee. de Trav. xxvii. 32.
A note by Bevillout on Egyptian property in land is printed in
Comptes Bendus, 1905, p. 219.
Natural History and Science.
Prof. Arthur Thomson and Mr. D. Bandall-MacIveb have published
an elaborate study of 1,500 skulls from Upper Egypt, entitled The
Ancient Races of the Thebaid, and containing a large number of
photographic plates and drawings, tables of figures and diagrams. The
authors find that the characters of the skulls are uniform from prehistoric
times to the Ptolemaic period (after which there is some change), but that
throughout these long ages two parallel types may be distinguished which
they call negroid and non-negroid. The number of skulls examined being
so large should give as sound results as can be obtained. In Man for
1905, No. 38, Prof. Thomson publishes four composite photographs of all
the male and female "negroid" and "non-negroid" Egyptian skulls
which were available out of those described in the above monograph; he
considers that the result demonstrates the co-existence of different race-
stocks. The subject, which is highly technical and full of difficulties, is
discussed from different points of view by Dr. A. Keith (ib. No. 55), Prof.
Thomson (No. 58), and Prof. Pearson (No. 65).
E. Chantre has written a large and handsomely illustrate 1 volume,