Progress of Egyptology.
nient of which is thus proved. In 271-0 the priesthood of the gods
Adelphi makes its appearance, and thenceforward the pre-existing
priesthood is specified as the priesthood of Alexander. The gods
Euergetae are added in 243-2. All these three appendices will he
important landmarks in the discussion of their several subjects, even
when they have not succeeded in arriving at final solutions.
The second fasciculus of Prof. Vitelli's volume13 has followed the
first with laudable celerity. It contains 70 texts (making a total of 105
for the volume), edited with introductions and notes which display the
distinguished editor's care, learning, and modesty; and it is completed
by indices of the usual kind, but with an even fuller and more serviceable
index verborum than has been customary, and by nine good plates
(making a total of 15 for the volume). All the documents belong to
the Christian era, and (allowing for a few uncertainties) may be divided
thus: 10 to the first century, 14 to the second, 22 to the third, 16 to the
fourth, and 8 to the later Byzautine period (fifth to seventh centuries). In
subject they are miscellaneous, and they are arranged in no order. Among
the longer and more interesting may be mentioned an exchange of property
between two brothers (no. 47) ; an elaborate division of an estate (no.
50); a long land-register, the names of the persons being generally
accompanied by a statement of their occupation (no. 71); a petition to
the up^hiKaaTr^ (no. 86) ; a sixth century divorce (no. 93) ; and one
or two documents relating to a certain Heroninus, the bulk of whose
correspondence will be published by Prof. Comparetti in the second
volume of the Florentine papyri. The rest are petitions, leases, sales,
loans, etc., more or less of the usual kind.
Prof. Mitteis' volume 11 contains 123 documents, edited in the usual
fashion with introductions and short notes. Thirty-seven of these were
contained in the volume prepared in 1903, of which the publication
was stopped after a few copies had come into circulation; the texts of
these, as now published, have had the benefit of Wilcken's revision. The
texts are divided into (a) contracts, (L) legal documents, (r) official
documents (including tax-receipts), ((/) accounts, and (e) letters; and they
are accompanied by full indices and two facsimiles. Three are Ptolemaic
(from Pathyris), n.nd three are late Byzantine or Arabic; the rest are
Eoman or early Byzantine, especially of the 3rd and 4th centuries.
They contain much material of interest, especially on the legal side;
probably the most important single document is no. 33, a legal document
of a.d. 368, illustrating the course of procedure against a defendant who
refuses to appear (" c'emmciatio ex auctoritate'''). Like no. 40 (pre-