Polski Instytut Studiów nad Sztuką Świata [Editor]
Sztuka Ameryki Łacińskiej: studia o sztuce kolonialnej, nowoczesnej i współczesnej — 2.2012

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Traditions of the European basilica model. ..


[Fig.5. Plan of the Cathedral, Zacatecas, after 1729, (2007, draw Ewa Kubiak after:
Bargellini Clara, La arquitectura de la Plata. Iglesias monumentales del centro-norte
de México, 1991, fig. 163, p. 380)]

Monastic architecture - Jesuit and Franciscan churches
Another group of temples in which the basilica model is relatively frequent are
monastic churches; however, this refers almost exclusively to complexes erect-
ed in large urban centres. It is impossible to characterize the whole monastic
architecture - so I will use a few examples derived from the architecture of the
Society of Jesus and the Franciscans- two of the most popular orders in Ame-
rica. It must be added here that basilica churches are present in the architec-
ture of many other congregations - such as the Dominicans, Augustinians or
the Mercedarians.
It is assumed that the most popular form of a Jesuit church is a single-nave
church with two rows of chapels on the sides (connected with one another),
often with a transept, a crossing dome and a modest chancel - in general it is
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