Polski Instytut Studiów nad Sztuką Świata [Editor]
Sztuka Ameryki Łacińskiej: studia o sztuce kolonialnej, nowoczesnej i współczesnej — 2.2012

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Traditions of the European basilica model. ..


ment in Manquiri (today’s Bolivia)35 or in the Santa Cruz church in Juli (Pe-
ru)36. Sometimes atrium was not located at the front, but was adjacent to a side
wall of the church, while the side portal usually served as the main entry to the
temple. Such solutions can be found e.g. in San Miguel de Pomata (Peru)37 or
Copacabana (Bolivia)38. In some locations, an atrium surrounded a church as
in the case of Umachiri39 in Peru or in San José de Cala40 or Curahuara de Ca-
rangas41 in Bolivia, [fig.9, 10] This layout resembles modem European pilgrim-
age complexes, for instance the Marian sanctuary in Święta Lipka in Poland42.
Complexes were sometimes fitted with a double atrium - one surrounding the
temple, the other adjacent to one side of the main facility43.

[Fig. 9. Plan of Church in Curahuara de Camagas (Bolivia), 16th century, decoration
1608 and 1722, (2007 draw Ewa Kubiak after: Mesa José de, Gisbert Teresa, Monu-
mentos de Bolivia, La Paz 2002, p.93)]

35 Mesa, Gisbert 2002: 179-181.
36 Gutiérrez [and others] 1986: 234-238.
37 Gutiérrez [and others] 1986: 320.
38 Mesa, Gisbert 2002: 46, 48-50.
39 Gutiérrez [and others] 1986: 234-238.
40 Mesa, Gisbert 2002: 101.
41 Mesa, Gisbert 2002: 92-93.
42 Paszenda 2000: 399M06.
43 Churches in Callapa, Jesus de Machaca, Copacabana de Andamarca or Sepulturas; (Mesa,
Gisbert 2002: 106-107).
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