Polski Instytut Studiów nad Sztuką Świata [Hrsg.]
Sztuka Ameryki Łacińskiej: studia o sztuce kolonialnej, nowoczesnej i współczesnej — 2.2012

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Ewa Kubiak

In my opinion, in case of American atria we can speak of the syncretic
combination of two architectural solutions. On the one hand, there are vast rit-
ual areas of sacred character in pre-Columbian complexes that, in spite of their
variety and multicultural character, were typical of the whole of Latin America,
and on the other hand, European atrium derived from the architecture of early
Christian basilica. I believe these are two equal sources for the specific creation
of atrium in colonial churches in America. It is definitely an individual form.
Stress must be put on the uniqueness of function, as well as architecture, ele-
ments complementing the establishment’s programme - ‘posas’, ‘capillas abi-
ertas’, ‘capillas Miserere’. On the whole, it should be said that atrium in Latin
America is certainly an individual contribution of colonial builders to the his-
tory of architecture.

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do sobre a Arquitetura Maneirista Luso-Brasileira, “Barroco” n. 11,
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The Unique Art and Architecture of the Jesuit Missions to the Chiloé
Archipelago (1608-1767), in: J. W., O’Malley [and others] The Jesu-
its II. Cultures, Sciences, and the Arts 1540-1773, Toronto-Buffalo-
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catecas 1976.
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mentales del centro-norte de México, 1991.
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co, México, in: L. E. Alcalá (ed.), Fundaciones jesuíticas en Ibero-
américa, Madrid 2002, pp. 292-299.
Bayón, Marx 1989 - D. Bayón, M. Marx, History of South American Colonial
Art and Architecture, Barcelona 1989.
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