Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1903-1904

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GkAECO-EoMAN egypt.


position in one or other of the three sections into which the Arsinoite nome
was divided. Many of the localities assigned on the three sketch maps at
the end are inevitably quite conjectural. Wessely has also published a
second part36 of his collections relating to the Latin elements in the Greek
of the papyri (see No. 30 in last Eeport). The present instalment deals
with the phenomena exhibited in the transliteration of Latin words and
names into Greek.

Another somewhat elaborate treatise is one by the veteran metrologist,
Hultsch, on some of the vexed questions of Ptolemaic currency.37 It will be
remembered that in the Tebtunis volume of Messrs. Grenfell, Hunt, and
Smyly, an elaborate appendix was devoted to a new theory on this subject,
demolishing the old belief in a ratio of 1 : 120 between silver and copper,
and arguing that the silver and copper drachmae were not, as hitherto
generally held, coins of identical weight. Hultsch begins by a dogmatic
re-assertion of the old views on both these points, and only briefly notices
the evidence of the Tebtunis papyri at the end, where he treats it as
merely proving a great depreciation in copper in the latter part of the
second century b.c. If the data of the Ptolemaic currency wrere much
more certain than they are, such a dogmatic treatise as this would be
very useful; but under present circumstances it is apt to be misleading.
Even if Prof. Hultsch could not accept the conclusions arrived at in
the Tebtunis appendix, the arguments against the 1 : 120 ratio deserved
fuller recognition and examination.

Three doctoral dissertations of the past year reacb a higher level ot
usefulness than is the case with many of such publications, and seem to
show the arrival in the field of three valuable recruits. Dr. R. Laqueur,38
of Strassburg, discusses the well-known inscription of Syene and the
introductory formulae of papyri of the end of the second century b.c.
(those which contain long lists of the priesthoods of the Ptolemies), and
establishes some useful conclusions with regard to the sequence of names in
the catalogues of the Ptolemies (notably the change of order between
Eupator and Philometor, which he shows can be reduced to system).
Dr. W. Otto,89 of Breslau, discusses (as part of a larger work, to appear
shortly) the establishment of the priesthoods of Alexander and the
Ptolemies, giving a list of them (derived from the same papyri which
furnish the basis for Laqueur's dissertation) and of the priests whose
names are known. Dr. F. Preisigke,4" of Halle, writes on the urban
officials of Eoman Egypt, a subject with which he is exceptionally qualified
to deal, being himself not only a student of papyri, but a high official in
the department of telegraphs at Berlin. His classification of the various
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