Instytut Historii Sztuki <Posen> [Hrsg.]
Artium Quaestiones — 10.2000

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awareness of and favor given in daily life to moralizing emblems based
on classical and biblical thèmes.* 37

The commercial and cultural relation the Baltic région enjoyed with
the Netherlands during the 17th century brought with it an intensive ex-
port of various printed publications to Danzig.38 Moreover, the city was a
lively and locally important book-publishing center, with rich public li-
braries like the Bibliotheca Senatus Gedanensis housed in the Gym-
nasium Academicum and those in the parish church schools; in addition
to the private collections amassed by prominent, wealthy citizens.39 The
Gymnasium and the schools provided children with a classical éducation
and, together with the libraries, allowed those required or interested an
opportunity to read and study many authors and subjects.40

and plates 60-91. For the house itself, see: Cuny, Danzigs Kunst und Kultur, pp. 83, 84;
Friedrich, Gdanskie zabytki architektury, pp. 260-262; and J. Bielak, “Ikonografïa
zlotej kamienicy na nowo odczytana. O zwi^zkach polityki, kultury i sztuki w Gdansku
pocz^tku XVII wieku”, in Mieszczanstwo gdanskie, pp. 337-392.

37 Contemporary examples were recorded, for example, in a manuscript written by
Edward Bergmann of Danzig between 1650 and 1660 in which he noted “...Die Historié so
in der groBe Stube in unserm Hause am Marckt abgemahlt ist aus dem 1. u. 2. Buch
Samuelis wie folget...(and)... Im Hause bey der Thür ... Geschichte des Tobias...(and
with)...Bacchus, Ceres, Mars, Venus, am Simse abgebildet.” Also found were “...Unter-
schiedliche Biblische Historien u. Emblemata in dem Hause des Hl. Wettem Sehl. George
Bergman in der JopenGaBe ...(and)... Allerhand Emblemata nebst Wage in den Fenstern
des Sommerhauses des Sehl. Eduardt Rudigers, Raht u. Cammer Herrn dieser Stadt, Gar-
ten aufm Newgarten Ao 1619 mit Farben gemacht. Darunter nachfolgende Nahmens
Seiner Kinder undt gewiBe Verse u. dicta stehen...” From a manuscript in the Biblioteka
Gdanska - Polska Akademia Nauk (hereafter BGPAN) Ms. 1204, pp. 691 and 695-696.
Thanks to Zenobia Pszczôlkowska for her assistance in providing me access to tins docu-
ment shortly before the publication deadline.

38 Today, the Biblioteka Gdanska - Polska Akademia Nauk (Gdansk Library - Polish
Academy of Sciences) formerly the Danzig Stadtbibliothek, still possesses an extremely
fine collection of Netherlandish books from this period. See: J. Konst, “Nederlandse lite-
ratuur 1576-1756 in de Biblioteka Gdansk,” Ntg, In publication.

39 See: Z. Nowak, “Gdansk jako osrodek drukarski i wydawniczy do konca XVIII
wieku,” Rocznik Gdanski, 50(1990), nr 1, pp. 129-130, 135-145; M. Pelczar, “Nauka i kul-
tura w Gdansku,” in Gdansk: jego dzieje i kultura, pp. 510-524; M. Babnis and Z. No-
wak (eds.), Biblioteka Gdanska Polskiej Akademia Nauk: Dzieje i zbiory, Wroclaw 1986,
pp. 12-25; P. Szafran “Z problematyki badawczej studiow nad mieszczanskimi ksiçgo-
zbiorami prywatnymi w Gdansku XVII-XVIII w.,” Rocznik Gdanski, 31(1971), nr 1,
pp. 73-90.

40 Education was viewed as an essential element in the life of Danzig’s citizens during
the 16th and 17th centuries in light of the town’s rôle in international commerce and
trade. For comments on this aspect of the local attitude, see: M. Bogucka, “Mentalitat der
Bürger von Gdansk im XVI - XVII Jh.,” Studia Maritima, 1(1978), pp. 64-67. Local church
schools in the town were the Lutheran St. Mary’s, St. Catherine’s, St. Bartholomew’s and
the Calvinist Sts. Peter and Paul’s. The Town Council, convinced that the town’s children
should receive at least a basic éducation (e.g. even the poor received stipends to attend
Sts. Peter and Paul’s church school), officially regulated the local school program which
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