Instytut Historii Sztuki <Posen> [Editor]
Artium Quaestiones — 10.2000

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KEVIN E. KANDT

These literary traditions manifested in grand public célébrations with
an “antique” flavor honoring the victories of Jan III Sobieski at Chocim
and Vienna as well as the entry of the royal couple into Danzig.
Ephemeral festival décorations like highly ornamented triumphal arches
and spectacular fireworks with classical motifs and allegorical personifï-
cations were ail enhanced by spécial emblematic ornamentation.43 And
amateur theatrical performances, like those presented by the local guilds
for feast days, would engage in a consciously classical mood - complété
with rôles for allegorical personifications played by the members them-
selves.44 Spécial illustrated prints, often with emblematic imagery, com-
memorated major events in the public and personal lives of the town’s
prominent inhabitants - from marriages to funerals.45

Even surviving personal papers and mémentos like the album ami-
corum or Stammbuch show a familiarity with this European custom in
pages fïlled with copies of Latin inscriptions taken from public buildings
or funerary epigrams from tombs, draft word-emblems, and lovely hand-
drawn illustrations on classical, biblical, and vanitas thèmes that are
fully allegorical and emblematic in nature.46

43 Contemporary published descriptions of the célébrations, engravings, and even
some original copper-plates of the décorations for Sobieski’s Victory of Chocim (1673),
Coronation (1676), Entry into Danzig (1677),and the Battle of Vienna (1683) exist today in
the Gdansk Library of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The engraved emblems were il-
lustrated and clearly identified along the margins around the main represented image.
E. Kotarski, Muza gdanska Janowi Sobieskiemu, 1673-1696, Wroclaw 1985, pp. 5-56.
Thanks to Dr. Maigorzata Czerminska, Gdansk for sharing her knowledge and observations
of the literary conventions and aspects regarding sources mentioned in this publication.

44 An account of such an event is taken from a notebook (dated 1662-75) of Georg
Schrôder, a city councilman, and reads as follows: ”Von der Schnitzker Fastnacht
=AuffZuge...Den 17 Febr. A. 1670 habe die Schnitzker einen stattlichen Festnacht Auffzug
gehalten. Für erst ist ein Capitain gegangen mit einem PlüBner Rock, deme seind gefolget
2 Wilde Mànner mit einem auBgekleidetem Bàhren. Für andere ist die Stàrcke kom(m)en
mit allem Schnitzker gerattschàfft. Hernach die Vier Jahres Zeiten, ein Schâffer und
Schàfferinen die das Holtz gelobet. Fürs Dritte, ist die Justitia kom(m)en mit dem Lichte,
und ist die Controversie ventiliret word(en) Ob die Gesellen beÿ Licht sollen arbeiten, und
ist das licht verdampf word(en). Fürs Vierdte ist gekom(m)en die Hoffhung und Zuletz ist
die rolle Bancke getragen worden, darauff der Baur behobelt word(en). Sie haben aber die
gantze Woche gespielet in der Breit=GaBe in der Callenbachschen Hause, da sie ein
Theatrum bereitet, und viel gelt eingenohmen haben.” BGPAN, Ms. 673, p. 125 r.

45 A. Kurkow, Grafika ilustracyjna gdanskich drukôw okolicznosciowych XVII wieku,
Wroclaw 1979, etc., pp. 22-52, 53-133, 158-120.

46 Very few of the undoubtedly once numerous examples still exist. Compare, respec-
tively, manuscripts from the Biblioteka Gdanska like: Ms. Orthm. fol. 92a date 17th cen-
tury), pp. 1-2, 7-10; Ms. 673 (dated c. 1662-75), pp. 3v, 14r, 23v-34v; Ms. 1138 (dated
c. 1672-84), pp. 65, 93, 159, 172-173, 178-179, 185, 187; and the Stammbuch of Salomon
Môller - Ms. 2509 (c.1662-67), p. 197v. This last work was published by O. Günther, “West-
preussische Stammbücher der Danziger Stadtbibliothek,” Mitteilungen des Westpreussische
Geschichtsverein, 8(1909), pp. 38-41. For the tradition of alba amicora and Stammbücher
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