Clarke, Joseph Thacher ; Bacon, Francis H. ; Koldewey, Robert
Investigations at Assos: expedition of the Archaeological Institute of America ; drawings and photographs of the buildings and objects discovered during the excavations of 1881, 1882, 1883 (Part I - V) — London, 1902-1921

Page: 121
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https://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/clarke1902/0079
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MOSAICS BELOW THE AGORA

TIIK GRIFFIN AND NIKE MOSAICS

DIRECTLY .....ill ol the large retaining wall of the
Agora,abovetheTheatre(«eeplanoi |
found the two mosaic pavements shown on page 110.
I n of late Greek

work. 'I'lit other, called the Gritnn Mosaic, is of curlier date
and musl hare been made during the besl pel iod ot Greek an.
The Nike Mosaic was taken up by the ex-pedii

il 11 the latl moment the
Turkish authorities would not allow it to be removed, and it
remained with the other architectural fragmentt at the Port.
The Editor, during hit recent visit to Assos, could find no trace
nt' it; but as several cases bad been forwarded in I lit Museum
at Constantinople, ir may some day be displayed there. The
ground is of dark gray-green marble pieces, tl
ornaments standing out in lightei colon The i
.ale of Cupids, ■.'lull- in tIh1 end paneli are winged Victories
:: ■-. m ii h .1 tripod lulu ten tin 111. I lie -tone, com-

jMi-ni.: thi- m. ■ ■' the borders

.in-,.i fragments ■■■■- .1 centimeter square, while the Cupids
an- made up of tiny white river pebble- about the size ■ >(

The t.rirlin Mosaic was in ■ building consisting of two
rooms, directly below the Bouleuterion. The walls were "1"
lire—cd stone laid 1111 be best manner « itbout mortar. The south
■a .ill 11.i. complete)] destroyed. On the north wall of the build-
ing there -till remained a coating of stucco three layers thick.
The middle one was painted in bright colors, with stripes and
panel., similar to some "all- at Pompeii, ami probably dates
from Roman times, fudging by its -ub-i.iiiti.il 1 nam ler, ilii-
must have been .i public building, an.I die design of the

ri,..-.,,, recall! the device on the coins of Assos, ami of the

Sphinxe..... the Ten pie In mi. It hail i ■. ■. ■

pie.l as a dwelling in mcduvjl t,,,ie-. The mosan was cov-
ered in later times with a coarse cemeni ■-.■'
with difficulty. The 1110.au was badly injured, with here and
there a patch ol tolor discernible, but hickilv the .tone, ot the
dark green background held better than those ,,1 the pat-
tern, and the figures were plainly seen io the imprint left on
the cemenl I'fit- I he out.iile border i- of mixed lighi
ami olive-green pebbles, The band containing the griffi
a background ot dai 1 ■

graceful in outline : one hat the beak and head ■■( .1 bird, the
other a head ot .1 leopard wiili -.nil. The

1.11I. long ami thin, is flung into the air in .1 -i.m'tul nine-
The bodies oi the griffini are of round whitish | e
two distinct shade*. The wings are ol lighi bluish ..■■
on the from line « it h bright i i-lloi. . The same veil on appears
upon tin- beards, u well as upon the< rest of the eagle-headed
and the horn- of the leopard-headed ri^'ire. The beak ot the
former and the tongue of the latter arc of brilliant red ias-
■:iK':it- of tiii- mosaic are preserved in the Museum
■ -I' Fine Art-. Boston. The wave ornament on the innei band
i. of unusual vigor and interest. The pattern in the central
lield was broken iwi). bin t u el ol ornament w ere still visi-
ble on a dark-green background. The foundation of the mo-

-.1,1 was vcrv "ili!] : lir.t a bed ol' .mail .tones rammed, then
a thick lavcr of coarse cement, and then a thin layer ol line
cement ii." ■('ihe mosaic were prcs.ed. The

lime of tin. cement had been mi.veil «ir.li pounded tile, so a.
todimini h then hiteness of tin- loint- hem ecu the pebbles.

THE THEATRE

SECTION THROUGH THE fHEATRE
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