Clarke, Joseph Thacher ; Bacon, Francis H. ; Koldewey, Robert
Investigations at Assos: expedition of the Archaeological Institute of America ; drawings and photographs of the buildings and objects discovered during the excavations of 1881, 1882, 1883 (Part I - V) — London, 1902-1921

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a large stone ring (Fig. 4) partly broken away projected on
the inside of the circular wall. It is possible that the tower
may have contained an engine for the discharge of stones or
heavy missiles. See photographs. Pages 189 and 213.

Fig. 1. Corbel from Principal Western Gate, No. 5

Gate No. 2 was destroyed, the threshold and lower jambs
only remaining (see plan on Page 193). At a short distance
north of this gate the walls of three different periods came to-
gether (Page 215, Fig. 1). A very early wall marked “I” was
continued in the same line by a later polygonal wall marked
“II.” Then subsequently these two walls were enclosed by a
massive wall of heavy squared blocks built outside. (See photo-
graph, Page 2 1 3, Fig. 2.) A similar polygonal wall enclosed by
a later one exists at the angle west of the Principal Gate No. 5.
(See Page 215, Fig. 2.)

Fig. 2. Gate No. 10
Eastern Walls

Gate No. 3 (Page 203) was also in perfect preservation.
Through this gate the path now leads from the village of
Behram to the port below (see photograph on Page 205, Fig.
2). (On Page 4 a photograph of the transverse wall shows
both gateways Nos. 3 and 4.)
Gate No. 4 (Page 207, plan on Page 209, Fig. 1) was at the
foot of the massive western transverse wall. This gateway was
in almost perfect preservation; the threshold alone was miss-
ing. (See photograph on Page 205).

Fig. 3. Principal Eastern Gate, No. 8

The principal Eastern city gate No. 8 (see plan, Page 209)
was the outlet of the main street that wound around the acrop-
olis nearly on a level, from the principal Western Gate No. 5,
and passed by the Gymnasium through the Agora. This was
the road leading to Adramyttion and Mt. Ida. The gate was
flanked by towers similar to the Western gate No. 5 but they
were much ruined and the heavy stones that had fallen from
the towers had accumulated to such an extent as not to allow
of thorough excavation. A pit was sunk uncovering the main
threshold which was intact, with the holes on the inner side
which once held the bronze sockets for the gate pivots (Page
219, Fig. 3). The massive lintel was still in place, resting on
the peculiar corbels, formerly spoken of (see photograph,
Page 189, Fig. 2).
Gates 7, 9, 11, 12 were so much ruined and filled with
debris that only their plans could be measured. Gate No. 10
(Page 219, Fig. 4) was a tiny postern in the angle of a large
tower; it was nearly thirty meters higher than the principal
Eastern gateway No. 8.
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