Universitätsbibliothek HeidelbergUniversitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Evans, Arthur J.
The Palace of Minos: a comparative account of the successive stages of the early Cretan civilization as illustred by the discoveries at Knossos (Band 1): The Neolithic and Early and Middle Minoan Ages — London, 1921

DOI Page / Citation link: 
loading ...
1 cm
OCR fulltext


§ 16. M. M. Ill : (A) The Beginning of the New Era.

Epoch of Transition; Heralded by great catastrophe at end of M. M. II;
Continuity of culture preserved—but emergence of new elements; Possible
Dynastic change; New linearized Script, Class A ; Partial dislocations at
Knossos ; Close of Period, well marked by stratified deposits and great Remodel-
ling ; those of ]V. and E. wing contrasted; Great filling in on E. slope;
Evidences of intermediate M. M. Ill phases; Line of delimitation between
M. M. III and L. M. I more definite in pottery ; Difficulties attending some of
the greater naturalistic works such as wall-paintings and reliefs; Such can only
be referred to a great transitional epoch ; Importance of Spiral Fresco Deposit;
Magazine of ' Medallion' Pithoi and Corridor of Bays.

The epoch at which we have now arrived is pre-eminently one of Epoch of
transition between Middle and Late Minoan traditions. A new Era in Jq™s1
fact begins which overlaps them both. It is heralded, as we have seen, by
what appears to have been a widespread catastrophe both at Knossos and
Phaestos, which seems for a time at least to have brought with it a real
set-back to the Middle Minoan culture so brilliantly illustrated by the
remains of its Second Period.

This overthrow, as has been shown above, seems to have followed at no Great
long interval the interruption of direct relations with the Nile Valley which t^r^v of
was a natural consequence of the break-up of Egyptian unity at the close of J^e ^1. M.
the first brilliant era of the Thirteenth Dynasty. Its approximate date, which c. 1700
must be taken as a term for the beginning of the present Period, has been set B,c'
down at 1700 b.c. The local catastrophe seems to have been so general and
thoroughgoing that the Palace sites both at Knossos and Phaestos may,
partially at least, have remained for an appreciable time uninhabited and
have existed as mere heaps of ruins.

Although the temporary set-back must in any case have been con-
siderable and the new order of things was only gradually built up, this does
not mean that the essential continuity of Minoan civilization was at this
"time kr-okea. -off,