Evans, Arthur J.
The Palace of Minos: a comparative account of the successive stages of the early Cretan civilization as illustred by the discoveries at Knossos (Band 2,1): Fresh lights on origins and external relations — London, 1928

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§ 43- Reactions of Coastal Route East; Syro-Egyptian Vases,
Bull 'Rhytons', and Cylinders.

Harbour Town of Knossos, link with Coastal Route East; Discovery of
sealings resembling those of Zakro but of Vasiliki clay; Excavations at
Anemomylia ; Alabaster (calcite) vase from site, inform of squatting, enceinte
female—Syro-Egyptian type, of Eighteenth Dynasty date; Similar specimen
from By bios ; Analogous Eleventh Dynasty pot; Suggested prototype of
E.M. Ill vase from Mochlos ; Type of Mother Goddess ; Oriental origin of
Minoan bull 'rhytons'; Early Sumerian prototypes from Erech; Inlaid
spots, as Minoan ; Western extension of early Sumerian dominion ; Evidences
of Oriental infltieuce on Crete about the close of E. M. Ill and in M. M. la.;
Cretan finds of Babylonian Cylinders—specimen from littoral of Knossos.

In the main the importance attained by the haven of Minoan Knossos Harbour
was in a less degree due to any special excellence of its own. It was rather Knossos.
resultant from the pressing need of a maritime outlet for a great centre of ^ink with
population which had grown up from immemorial time in a fertile district Route
of the Island, and, later, as the Northern sea-gate of the Central transit route. ast

Over and above any traffic with the Cyclades and farther Aegean
shores the harbour town seems to have stood in specially intimate relations
with a coastal line linking it both by sea and land with more Eastern
regions of Crete itself. First amongst these must be reckoned Niru Khani,
the well-defined Minoan port which in some degree may have served as
a second harbour for Knossos in that direction. Farther along the coast is
the considerable civic foundation of Mallia, marked by one of the earliest
of the Cretan Palaces, which formed in fact the terminal station of a transit
route on that side, traversing the upland valley of Mirabello, and thence
bringing it into connexion with the ports of the Easternmost Cretan region
and either, past Vasiliki, across the isthmus of Girapetra to Hierapetra, or by
the Siteia coastal route and eventually to Palaikastro and Zakro, at the extreme
East end of the Island. These ports were the natural points of arrival for
Oriental commerce.

These relations, indeed, have a direct bearing on some suggestive finds
that have occurred in the most flourishing quarter of the harbour town of
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