SALA DELLE OCHE 5-7
with jewelled ornament in the middle which is carried upwards over the
cap. The iris and pupil are deeply engraved. Above the head rise the
neck and mouth of the ewer with a rounded handle. The bust is rounded
off at the bottom, so that it probably had a calix-shaped basis similar to
the one given it in modern times.
Bought by Benedict XIII, together with nos. 3 and 4, from the
Carthusians of S. Maria degli Angeii for 100 scudi (MS. inventory,
cf. no. 4), and presented by him to the Museum (Forcella, i. 223); cf. the
document cited on the previous number, in which no. g is described as
' a statue [cz'cj of Isis iV palms [— -33 m.] high, notable for the hiero-
glyphics with which it was covered, and mounted on a base of ancient
alabaster with four sphinxes at the corners'. The so-called hieroglyphs
are doubtless the jewelled ornaments of the head-dress. Ficoroni's story
(Hc/z^ziz, i. 48) that he bought this number An a corner of the gardens
of Sallust * is probably a fiction (cf. on previous number).
Keyssler, ii, p. yg; Tofanelli (1818), ii, p. 40; Aczzzc, iii. I, p. 122;
R. Delbriick, Acw. AAA. xxviii (1913), p- 314 k, tig- 3-
6. HERM OF SOCRATES (pi. 18).
H. -41 m. Greek marble. Restored: nose, moustache. The inscription and
the lower part of the herm are modem.
The head seems to be a poor example of the Satyr-like type of Socrates.
Formerly in the villa of Julius III, whence it was removed by
Pius IV to the Teatro di Belvedere (Ligorio, Thzzr., ap. Hiilsen, Ac. cz7.).
Inv. 1646 (Stanza dell'Ercole); in Room V in 1736 (Gaddi 144); in
the Sala (della Cappella) in 1818 (Tofanelli), and thence removed to its
present place by 1837 (z'V.).
Statius, pi. 6 ; Ac/zzr, iii. 1, p. 123 ; Bernoulli, 67. T^czz. i, p. 186, no. 3 ;
Htilsen, Ac'zzz. AAA. xvi, pp. 134, 201, 146*.
A C. xiv. 261*.
7. FEMALE HERM OF ARCHAIC TYPE (so-called Sappho)
H. .36 m. Pentelic marble. Restored: nose, long tresses; the herm and the
Greek inscription are modern.
Head of woman looking straight forward; hair arranged in three
rows of small tight curls round forehead ; above, a narrow fillet. On the
crown the hair radiates from the centre. Behind each ear a long tress
falls on the shoulders, and a broad plait covers the back of the neck.
Dull Roman work from an original of the early fifth century B. c.
sometimes combined with the bearded Dionysus, and therefore perhaps
Ariadne. Cf. for the type two heads in the Capitol (Az'Ac<yf, 11, 12, and
see vol. i, p. 224 f.).
Formerly in the villa of Julius III; removed by Pius IV to the
Teatro di Belvedere (Ligorio, Thzzzv 23, f. 76, ap. Hiilsen, Ac. cz'A,
p. 134). Its museum-history is the same as that of the previous no.
Bellori, pi. 63 (from Ursinus, Vat. 3439, fol. 124^ = Hiilsen, Ac. cA, pi. VI) ;
Hiilsen, Ac'zzz. A/zA. xvi (1901), p. 199, no. 135*; Bernoulli, 6V. TXwz. i, p. 60. Cf.
Arndt-Amelung, Text to 427, 428.
A (7. xiv. 233*.