Progress of Egyptology.
Macalister publishes scarabs, etc., from Gezer, P. E. F. Q. S. 1903,
310 ; 1904, 20, 336 ; others with names of the " Hyksos " Khyan and of
Amenhotep III. and Tiy, ib. 224. He considers that the general evidence
points to Egyptian connections with Gezer having commenced about the
age of Usertsen I., ib. 121.
Max Muller discusses the campaign of Usertesen III. in Palestine,
perhaps reaching Shechem, 0. L. Z. 1903, 448. He argues from the stela
of Tell esh Shihab and the stone of Job that the Egyptian kings of the
XVIIIth and XlXth Dynasties held Palestine east of the Jordan as part
of their empire, P. E. F. Q. S. 1904, 78. On the Egyptian and Semitic
name of the acacia, O. L. Z. 1903, 446.
In a small illustrated pamphlet, Per Aufenthalt Israels in Aegypten,
Spiegelberg discusses the Sojourn and Exodus, especially in the light of
the Israel stela, showing how the main outlines may be fitted into the
franiework of Egyptian history; he distinguishes a smaller "Jacob"
settling in Goshen from a larger " Israel" remaining in Palestine, the
Exodus taking place during the troubles which threatened Egypt in the
reign of Merneptah. As to Abrek (last Report, p. 29) see Nestle in
O.L.Z. 1903, 381.
Winckler's Abraham als Babylonier, Joseph als Aegypter (equating
Joseph with the governor Yankhamu of Syria, supporting the monotheism
of Akhenaten), reviewed by Vogelstein, O. L. Z. 1904, 65.
Meissner notes three names of Egyptian scribes on a cuneiform tablet of
Assurbanipal. A. Z. xl. 145.
Clermont Ganneau publishes a monument found at Gebail (Byblos)
with the cartouche of Sheshanq I. and a later Phoenician inscription. He
conjectures that the monument was brought from Egypt and set up and
inscribed for the Phoenician. Gomptes Rendus 1903, 91, 378.
Perdrizet notes that Jupiter Heliopolitanus, of Baalbek (first identified
by Clermont Ganneau, Comptes Rendus, 1903, 90), has features derived
from Egypt. Rev. Arch. 4th ser. ii. 399.
Prof. Halbherr has found a seal of Queen Tiy in a tomb at Hagia Triada
near Phaestos, in Crete. Comptes Rendus, 1903, 254. Weill discusses the
sculptured vase fragment found by the same explorer at Phaestus, with
representations of a people resembling the captive people of the sea taken
by Eameses III. Rev. Arch. iv. ser. iii. 52.
Max Muller publishes a new representation of a " Mycenaean"
embassy and of Phoenician ships, from the tomb of Seny at Thebes.