Instytut Historii Sztuki <Posen> [Editor]
Artium Quaestiones — 10.2000

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Mid-century educational reforms and the influence of a local scholar,
historian, pédagogue, official, King’s Secretary, and Gymnasium profes-
sor - Joachim Pastorius (1611-1681) promoted, through revised school
curricula, the pedagogical théories and publications of Johann Amos
Comenius. His popular Orbis Sensualium Pictus (Wratislaviensis, 1667)
was a véritable visual handbook that introduced young students to the
language of emblematic imagery.* 41

Danzig authors and poets (often professors at the Gymnasium or
erudite patricians) maintained a tradition of writing occasional poems
and epigrams presented as heroic panegyrics, with allusions to my-
thology and ancient history, commemorating the coronations and mili-
tary victories of Polish kings, as well as for the events and festivities
honoring the town’s mayors, councilors, and distinguished citizens.42

established a curriculum that was both Christian and classical. In addition to subjects of
a distinctly religious nature, students obtained a knowledge of German, Latin, Polish,
Greek, and Hebrew. Ancient history and philosophy as well as literary works by specified
classical authors complimented the program and were required subjects. See: J. Mau-
kisch, Kurzer Begriff wie die Jugend Kunftig in Gymnasio und andern Schulen dieser
Kôniglichen Stadt Dantzig in der Lateinischen und andern Sprachen auff gleichformige
Art sol unterwiesen und gelehret werden. Auff Anordung der ietzigen Herrn Scholarchen...,
Dantzig 1653, (BGPAH. Adl. 2 in Uph q. 2341 2°). For an overview of the town’s most im-
portant educational institutions, see: P. Simpson, Aus der Alteren Geschichte des Dan-
ziger Schlulwesens, Danzig 1903, pp. 1-23; E. Schnaase, Die Schule in Danzig und ihr
Verhàltniss zur Kirche, Danzig 1859, pp. 1-73; Th. Hirsch, Geschichte der academischen
Gymnasiums in Danzig, Danzig 1837, pp. 24-51; Z. Nowak and P. Szafran (eds). Ksiçga
wpisôw uczniôw gimnazjum gdanskiego 1580-1814, Warszawa and Poznan 1974, pp. 6-25;
P. Simpson, Geschichte der Schule zu St. Pétri und Pauli in Danzig: Die Kirchen- und
Lateinschule, 1436-1817, vol. 1, Danzig 1904, pp. 36-60; W. Faber, Die Johannischule in
Danzig vom Mittelalter his zum Jahre 1824, Danzig 1925, pp. 21-75 and 87-109; and more
current: L. Mokrzecki, “Nauka i oswiata w zyciu gdahskich mieszczan. Wybrane zagad-
nienia z XVII-XVIII wieku,” in Mieszczahstwo gdahskie, pp. 261-270. Many thanks to Jan
Krzeminski - Biblioteka Gdanska for showing me the Gymnasium students’ register pub-
lication and his continuing interest in my research.

41 Among the highly visual didatic material presented are particular lessons with
rudimentary multi-language texts for reading and interpreting selected common allégories
and emblems. See: J. A. Comenius, Orhis Sensualium Pictus. Hoc est omnium fun-
damentatium in mindorerum & in vita actionum...Latino-Gallico-Germanico-Polonico...,
Wratislaviensis 1667, pp. 277, 280-281, 284, 288, 290, 294, 296 and 300. For a background:
L. Mokrzecki, “Pastorius ab Hirtenberg, Joachim,” in Polski Slownik Biograficzny, vol.
25, Warszawa etc., 1980, pp. 261-165; K. Kubik, Joachim Pastorius. Gdahski pedagog
XVII wieku, Gdansk 1970, pp. 149ff esp., 141-143, 146, 150 and L. Mokrzecki, “Jan
Amos Komeriski w Prusach Krôlewskich. Proba analizy,” Rocznïk Gdahski, 53(1993), nr. 2,
pp. 54-60. I thank Hans-Joachim Müller of Mainz for introducing me to Comenius’ work
and pointing out the connection with Pastorius.

42 E. Kotarski, “Die Danziger Literatur im 17. Jahrhundert. Eine Übersicht,” Studia
Germanica Gedanesia, 2(1994), pp. 23-43 and Gdanska poezja okolicznosciowa XVII wieku,
Gdansk 1993, pp. 105-143, 152-188, 189-286, 287-302.
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