Clarke, Joseph Thacher ; Bacon, Francis H. ; Koldewey, Robert
Investigations at Assos: expedition of the Archaeological Institute of America ; drawings and photographs of the buildings and objects discovered during the excavations of 1881, 1882, 1883 (Part I - V) — London, 1902-1921

Page: 185
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THE GYMNASIUM

PAGE 185






Fig. 1. Inscribed Epistyle from Northwest Portico

“ The priest of the God Caesar Augustus, himself likewise hereditary
king, priest of Zeus Homonoos, and gymnasiarch, Quintus Lollius
Philetairos, has dedicated the Stoa to the God Caesar Augustus and
the people.” ..
The two lines now unearthed fill the gap between the sixth
and seventh lines. These are of great importance in restoring
the inscription, showing that Quintus Lollius Philetairos, the
hereditary king, dedicated the Stoa, which was itself brought
to light by our expedition.
The 7rdrpios /3a.o-iXevs is, as Boeckh points out (C.I.G., 3569),
the lineal descendant of the ancient kings of the Aeolic city of
Assos. After their deposition they still retained the title of king,
along with certain rights and privileges, mainly of a priestly
nature, which ensured to them an honorable position in soci-
ety. Among such rights, Strabo mentions the presidency of the
games, the right to wear the royal purple, to carry a (tkcumv
instead of the aK^-rrTpov, etc.
We do not know that the Assians were unfriendly to the
imperial cultus, but the representative of the ancient kings of
Assos certainly curried favor by supporting it and by himself
becoming the priest of Augustus.
This inscription must be referred to the reign of Tiberius,
as the 0e(p Kafcrapt Se/3aar« proves.


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SCALE.
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Fig. 2. Marble Inscribed Block
Found in Entrance Passage to Gymnasium

TTPATMATEYOM ENOIPfi
HNEYEPTETINTOYKOSM
[01 ev Acrcrw] TTpayparevopevot 'Pw[p.a?oiJ
.evepyenv tov /<d<rju,[ovj
This is rendered more intelligible by another inscription
found in the Bouleuterion on a marble block 0.83 m. by 0.51
m., reading as follows:
OAHMOSKAIOITTPArMA
GEANAPHOYIAINIIPANN
rPHNTOYSEBASTOYQE
6 Srjpos Kat ol TTpaypa^revopevoL 'Pw/iaioiJ rr/u
A[eJ covLav, Hpav v[eav,
tov Xe/Sacrrov (E)e[o9 ywaiica aveffrjKav].
The people and the Roman merchants established among us have
erected (this statue of) the goddess Livia, the new Juno, the wife of
the god Augustus.
The mosaic pavement in the nave of the Byzantine church
was formed of marble cubes of different colors, and the pat-
terns varied in each division of the border. The center was
unfortunately broken away. The colors were similar to the
mosaic found in the Byzantine church South of the Gymna-
sium. (See Page 187.)
At the Eastern corner of the building was a circular room
8.45 m. in diameter with walls of well-built masonry of an
earlier period than the main building. This was probably a
part of the baths that may have been connected with the Gym-
nasium. The portico at right of the main entrance was prob-
ably occupied by shops. The stadium, which in most Greek
cities was near the gymnasium, may have occupied the plateau
directly at the South, which overlooked the sea.
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