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ClDADE MARAVILLOSA? THE IMAGE OF THE FAVELAS
of Rio de Janeiro - from the artistic to the popular movie
The article presents the evolution of favela’s images in Brazilian cinemato-
graphy; from the first productions from the 1950s until the end of the first de-
cade of the 21st century. The author tries to systematize them by distinguishing
three periods (the 50s / 60s, the turn of the 20lh and 21s1 centuries, the first deca-
de of 21s1 century).
The author discusses the change of the subject matter and the image of favela’s
residents: from paternalistic images of alienation, otherness and mutual distrust,
through homeliness, to relationships dominated by the world of crime at the be-
ginning of the 21st century. Cinematography is like a mirror reflecting socio-po-
litical changes which took place in Brazil and affected its inhabitants in abo-
vementioned periods. The analysis of these changes reveals their direction and
nature which focus, like in the lens, on example of Rio de Janeiro.