Ars: časopis Ústavu Dejín Umenia Slovenskej Akadémie Vied — 1977-1981(1977)

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06 sjieMe'HTax ncKyccTBa b >KH3HeAeHTejibH0c-
ÏH JKHBOTHblX MbI eiUe ÔyABM rOBOpHTb. Ho B
AannoM cjiynae xoneTcn ocTanoBUTbca na apKOM
npiiMepe H3 khhth K- Jlopemia «KoJibuo uapa
CojioMOHa», me onucMBaeTca ecTecTBennoe no-
Aoône nosTnqecKoro TBopnecTBa, paccKasbiBaeTca
o cBoeoópa3Hoň TparmecKoň «ôajijia/ie», koto-
Pyio TBopujia ocHpoTeBUiaa ra/iKa. HoTepaB bo
BpeMH 6ypn conAeMeHHHKOB, rajiKa norpysujiacb
B BOCnOMHHaHHH H CTaJia BOCnpOH3BOAHTb B CBO-
BM BooôpajKeHHH Aoporae ajih Hee cuenbi jkhshh.
Ona npon3Hocnjia cnraajibi CHMnaTHH, npnrjia-
uieHHH, aaôoTH, npeAynpexAeHHH 06 onacHocra,
B03BpameiiHH AOMOH, npOH3BOAHJia COOTBeTCTBy-
•oipue xecTBbi, h, noAOÔno nosTy, yABanBajia
>KH3iib, co3AaBafl ee hobhh, yxe HAeajibHbiň, 06-
Pa3 [14],
BpHA JIH MOXHO CHHT3Tb CJiynaHHOCTbK), HTO
b cnemiajibHbix ÔHOJiorHHecKHX HCCJieAOBaHiiHX,
TaMx, KaK MOHorpatJiiiqecKHH onepK «Khtbi h
AejibcjiHHbi» A. B. flójiOKOBa, B. M. BejibKOBHna,
B. H. BopHcoBa, nosiBjiHioTCfl pa3Aejibi c BecbMa
CHMnTOMaTHHeCKHMH H33BaHHHMH: «CoUHaJIbHaH
CïpyKTypa CTaAa», «BsanMonoMomb h coTpyA-
HüqecTBO Bspocjibix KHTOo6pa3Hbix», «Hrpoßoe
noBeAeHHe KHTo6pa3Hbix» [27]. Ho3HaKOMHB-
UJHCb C 3THMH pa3AeJI3MH, HHTaTCJIH yÔeAHTCH,
HTO HX Ha3B3HHH - OTHIOAb ne nOSTHHCCKHe
upeyBejiHqeHHH, a naynnbie oóoómeHHH (j)aKTOB
BecbMa nejiOBeKonoAoÔHoro noBeAeHHH jkhbot-
Hblx.
Tlpn 3tom, paayweeTCH, ne mojkct óbitb h penn
0 K3K0M-T0 TOXAeCTBe Me>KAy XHBOTHblMH H H6-
JiOBeKOM. Tarn, me y xhbothmx HMeeTcn jihiiib
ajieweHT nejioBenHOCTH, sacTbiBHiHH, ne pa3BH-
BaiOIAHHCB «SMÔpHOH» npH3H3K3, T3M y HCJIOBeKa
rocnoACTByeT eMKoe, MHororpaHHoe, hoctohhho
PaaBHBaiomeecH KanecTBO, KOTopoe onnpaeTca na
CaMblH Ba>KHblH HOKaSaTCJIb OÔmeCTBeHHOrO 6bl-
thh — cnocoô npoH3BOACTBa MaTepnajibHbix
6jlar. TaK, OT JKH3H6AeHTeJIbHOCTH TKHBOTHblX,
HpHMeHHiomHx HeoprannnecKHe opyAHfl, TpyA
HejioBeKa OTJinnaeTCH ne tojihko KOJinnecTBeHHO
— CHCTeMaTHBHOCTbK), M aCCOBOCTbKD, MOlHbK) H
cjioxHocTbK) opyAHH TpyAa, HO H KanecTBeHHO
— HenpepbIBHblM npOH3BOACTBOM H COBepiLæH-
CTBOBaHHeM CaMHX opyAHH AeHTeJIbHOCTH, HX He-
HaÖOKHMM KOJIJieKTHBHbIM HpHMeHCHHeM, HX

opraHHnecKOH BKjHoneHHOCTbio b MarepHajibHyio
OCHOBy OÔHieCTBeHHOH JKH3HH.
To xe caMoe hv>kho cKaaaTb h o Apynix npo-
HBJieHHHX HeJIOBeKOnOAOÖHH »HBOTHblX, B nacT-
HOCTH, 06 HX paecyAOHHOH AeHTejIbHOCTH, 06 3Jie-
MeHTax HHAyKAHH, AeAyKUHH, anajiHsa, cHHTeaa,
aôcTparapoBaHHH, SKcnepHMeHTa. PaccyAOK ne-
JioBexa npeBocxoAHT paccyAOK xtHBOTHbix He
TOJIbKO B KOJimeCTBeHHOM, HO H B KaneCTBCHHOM
OTHomeHHH, h6o BKjHoneH b oômecTBeHHoe mh-
poBO33peHne h AHajieKTHnecKoe MbimjieHHe, no-
požKAaeMoe tojibko oômecTBeHHHM óbithcm [3],
CoBepweHHo ohcbhaho, hto npn thkhx ycjio-
BHHX penb M05KCT HATH JIHHIb O H6H0JIH0H aHajIO-
FHH - COBnaAeHHH OTAOJIbHblX npH3H3K0B, OT-
AejIbHblX CTOpOH ÄH3HH XiHBOTHblX H HejI0B6Ka,
06 sjieMeHTax hobofo, nejiOBenecKoro KanecTBa
B CTapOM, JKHBOTHOM KaneCTBC. Ho H 3THX 3Jie-
MeHTOB, «3apoAbiineň», «HaweKOB» BnojiHe aoc-
TaTOHHO, HTOÔbl He B03ABHFaTb HenpOXOAHMblX
rpaHHIX MOKAy eCTeCTBeHHblM H COIIHajIbHblM
MHpOM, HTOÔbl H6 0TKa3bIB3Tb HpHpOAe B OHpe-
AejieHHoň ryMaHHCTHHHocTH, a nejiosexy — b
onpeAejieHHOH ecTecTBeHHOcTH.
TyMaHH3M npoôyjKAaeT y coBpeweHHHKOB rjiy-
ôoKoe npeKJiOHeHne nepeA npHpoAoô, nepeA ee
SCTeTHneCKHMH HeHHOCTHMH. 3tO HMeeT ÔOJIblHOe
npHpoAooxpaHHoe 3HaneHHe. «y ne/iOBexa BnojiHe
AOCTaTOHHO OÓTjeKTHBHbIX FIpHHHH, HTOÓbl CTpe-
MHTbcsi K coxpaneHHio ahkoh npnpoAbi. Ho b ko-
HenHOM cneie npupoAy moxct cnacTH tojibko
ero jiioôoBb. HpHpoAa 6yAeT orpanmena ot onac-
hocth tojibko b tom cjiynae, ecjiH nejioBeK xotb
HeMHoro nojiioÔHT ee npocTO noTOMy, hto ona
npexpacHa, h noTOMy, hto oh ne mojkct jkhth
6e3 KpacoTbi, KaKoio 6h hh ôbijia Ta $opMa ee,
K KOTOpOH OH HO CB06H KyjIbType II HHTCJieKTy-
ajibHOMy CKJiaAy Hanôojiee bochphhmhhb»
([9], CTp. 405).
Ajih toto, HTOôbi JiioÔHTb h ôepenb KpacoTy
npHpoAbi, KaK BejiHKyio acTemnecKyio ueHHOCTb,
Hy>KHO OTHeTJiHBo npeACTaBjiHTb, b neM ona 3a-
KjiioiiaeTCH. Onupaacb na KJiaccHnecKHe onpe-
AejieHHH h CHHTe3Hpya coBpeMeHHbie bsejihabi,
mojkho ôbijio 6bi onpeAejiHTb KpacoTy, KaK ue-
AOCTHOe COCTOHHHe HpeAMeTOB H HBJieHHH Aeô-
CTBHTejIbHOCTH, CBOeo6pa3HbIH, HOpOH HenOBTO-
pHMHH KOMHJieKC KOHKpeTHO-HyBCTBeHHblX CBOH-

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