In one of the most striking passages of his 'Study'
of Sociology,' Herbert Spencer considers what
might be said of our age 'by an independent ob-
server living in the far future, supposing his state-.
ments translated into our cumbrous language.'
'"In some respects," says the future observer,
" their code of conduct seems not to have advanced
beyond, but to have gone back from the code of a
still more ancient people from whom their creed
was derived . . . The relations of their creed to
the creed of this ancient people are indeed difficult
to understand. . . . Not only did they, in the law
of retaliation, outdo the Jews, instead of obeying
the quite opposite principle of the teacher they
worshipped as divine, but they obeyed the Jewish
law, and disobeyed their divine teacher in other
ways,—as in the rigid observance of every seventh
day, which he had deliberately discountenanced.
<- •■ ■ Their substantial adhesion to the creed they