Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale <al-Qāhira> [Editor]; Mission Archéologique Française <al-Qāhira> [Editor]
Recueil de travaux relatifs à la philologie et à l'archéologie égyptiennes et assyriennes: pour servir de bullletin à la Mission Française du Caire — 40.1923

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https://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/rectrav1923/0074
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THE PRINCIPLES

OF EGYPTIAN PHONOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT

BY

W. F. ALBRIGHT.

The yonng science of comparative Egypto-Semitic philology is gradually fighting
its way to récognition, handicapped by the after-war confusion, and especially by the
temporary lack of available journals in which to publish the results obtained. Anolher
difficulty is the still slender number of workers, who are in rare cases able to colla-
borate to the extent necessary in so virgin a field. Owing to this lack of knowledge
of vvhat others are doing, it has become possible for so gifted a Semitic philologist as
Harri Hohna to publish an article (Zeitschrifl fur Assyriologie, 1918) which is almost
useless, simply because he vvas ignorant of the fact that the laws of consonantal
development have already been established in large part, thanks to the researches of
Ember. The latter has a monograph almost ready, which will appear in the Beilrâge
zur Assyriologie, but since in articles by himself and by the writer W, though not
always readily available, ail the necessary équations have been given, it may be
repeated in convenient tabular for m :

SEMITIC.

EGYPTIAN.

COPTIC.

SEMITIC.

EGYPTIAN.

COPTIC.

r, 1









2

y, r, i

y

61

Z,

s, s,, ss

S
S

c

w

w

°Y

K> b

s



b , m, w
b,p

b
p

b, n, oy, m

n, b (q)

q

k

q

k

k, c? (B., x)

b, 6

f

q (b)

s

S

G (B., x)

m, b

ni

m

t, t

t

T

n, 1, r

n

N, X

k

î(«)

T, X (B., g)

r, 1

r

r, x, 6i

d

d

T

h, h
b, h

h
h

2
2

s

S, fl, z

d(ê)

T, X (B., x)

h, §

h

Cl), î







(1) See American Journal of Semitic Languages (cited as AJSL), Vol. 34, pp. 81-98, and 9i5-255; the
previous literature is quoted AJSL, 34, 83, n. 2.
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