Polski Instytut Studiów nad Sztuką Świata [Editor]
Sztuka Ameryki Łacińskiej: studia o sztuce kolonialnej, nowoczesnej i współczesnej — 1.2011

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Ewa Kubiak

Canaán, un tema que podemos relacionar con la alegórica representación de la
Eucaristía. En ambos países contamos con numerosos ejemplos y de nuevo en-
contramos composiciones inspiradas por la misma fuente grabada, un grabado
anónimo basado en el cuadro de Maarten de Vos. La autora analiza la popula-
ridad del motivo de la Eucaristía, así como la variedad de las representaciones
alegóricas en el contexto de la época postridentino y del arte contrarreformista.
Nos presenta también la conclusión que muestra funciones similares del arte en
partes geográficamente muy alejadas del mundo cristiano. Por un lado el arte fue
empleado para proteger la fe católica del peligro de la herejía (iglesia ortodoxa
o protestante), por otro lado sirvió de herramienta para la Iglesia en la tarea de
„conquistar” nuevos territorios misioneros.

The Eucharist’s Allegory - Common Graphic Patterns upon
the Painting of 17th and 18™ century in Poland and Peru
The motive of Eucharist is one of the most important subjects of allegoric ima-
ges in baroque Polish as well as Vice-Kingdom of Peru art. Apart from classi-
cal images with The Eucharist’s adoration, in which the luminous body of Christ
is placed in a monstrance, there were also symbolic compositions in which the
mystery of Christ’s sacrifice was presented in an allegoric way. Some of these
images are presented in the article. The most interesting for the author are ima-
ges common for modem Polish painting and colonial Peru. The first such com-
position is The Mystical Press - the subject that was very well known in all La-
tin America - from New Spain to Argentina. It was also known in Europe, but
in modern period became less popular. The composition of majority images is
based on Hieronim Wierix’s print. Images from Poland and these from Peru re-
peat the same compositional pattem.The second example is The scouts return
from Kanaan, which topic is related with the allegoric of The Eucharist. There
are quite a lot of such pictures from both countries. Some of them were a pattern
based upon the same print - anonymous work based on Maarten de Vos’es pic-
ture. The popularity of The Eucharist motive had been analyzed and variety of
its allegoric compositions in post-Tridentine age and Counter-Reformation art.
The finding of the article is that art in distant extremities of the Christian world
had similar functions - it was used to preserve the Catholicism from heresy dan-
ger (Orthodox Church, Protestantism) and, on the other hand, it was a tool to
achieve new mission areas for The Church.
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