Universitätsbibliothek HeidelbergUniversitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Evans, Arthur J.
The Palace of Minos: a comparative account of the successive stages of the early Cretan civilization as illustred by the discoveries at Knossos (Band 4,2): Camp-stool Fresco, long-robed priests and beneficent genii [...] — London, 1935

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{ 10S. The Late Palatial Deposits or Clay Seal Impressions
at Knossos.

Lou°' indigenous tradition of Minoan seal-types; Deposits of clay seal
impressions belonging to Great Transitional Age of intaglio work—M. M.
J22-L. M. la; Late Palatial hoards associated with tablets of Class B;
Inferior quality of clay and baking; Mostly preserved, with documents, in
upper-floor rooms; Sealiugs broken and scattered by precipitation ; S. W.
Basement Deposit {A)—the clay 'matrix' and its wide distribution; Lapi-
dary's workshop of L. M. Ill dale ; Hoard from Central Shrine (B); The
' Archives Deposit' (C)—chronological conclusions; Deposit derived from
East Hall borders (D) ; Deposit E from Little Palace ; Intrusive seal im-
pression with wrestling bout; Parallel of thrown champion in steatite relief—
M. M. Ill date; Isolated finds, with tablets; Summary catalogue of late
Palatial seal impressions from various Deposits ; Impressions of gold signet-
rings and others with Religious subjects; Illustrations of Central Palace
Cult; Frequency of Lions' Gate scheme—divine presence variously indicated;
Fragmentary seal impression showing sculptural group of Lions' Gate type
on Cornice of Portico; Origins of guardian lion types on Minoan seals—
connected with portals of shrines ; Double Axes decor atively grouped—sug-
gestion of ceiling pattern ; Predominance of leutoid bead-seals, large examples ;
Frequency of bucolic motives ; Typical leutoid designs ; Chariots and horses;
Graffito signs of Class B as signatures and counter-marks on seal impressions ;
Arrow-sign mark of Armoury Deposit; Countermarked sealiugs of West

In the summary review of Minoan seal-engravings given above, some- Long
thing has been done to trace the long indigenous tradition of the Art, L°n!^us
starting with the effort of a primitive Society to supply its domestic "^Won
needs, quickened by the knowledge of foreign models from more than one seal-
source and ultimately leading up to miniature masterpieces of the native ypes'
genius, such as in the case of animal representations, at any rate, have
hardly been surpassed.

Of the great Age of Minoan intaglio work—the grand Transitional Earlier
Period that includes the latter part of M. M. Ill and the earlier phase of jjfg^'8
°' L. M. I—a definite landmark has been preserved by the successive dis- seal ™-

rn. ■ r . x • i r pressions

wvenes ot large deposits of clay seal impressions, in an important house oi M.M.1II-
Zakro, in a room of the little Palace of Hagia Triada, and at Knossos in L' M'J "■
Ae Temple Repositories.