Universitätsbibliothek HeidelbergUniversitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Evans, Arthur J.
The Palace of Minos: a comparative account of the successive stages of the early Cretan civilization as illustred by the discoveries at Knossos (Band 4,2): Camp-stool Fresco, long-robed priests and beneficent genii [...] — London, 1935

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5n'3- Supplementary to Preceding: The Minoan Remains at Ras
Siiamra: Corbelled Vaults with Blind Openings as.Royal Tome
oe Isopata, and Votive Silver Bowl with Inscription op- Class B
Evidences of Minoan trade and settlement at Minet-el-Beida- and Ra%
Sh.am.ra—Professor Schaeffer's discoveries; Opposite Cyprian Salamis; Link
with Euphrates and station of faience import; Persistent traditions of Minoan
settlement in North Syria; 'King Kasios'; Cuneiform Alphabet of local.
evolution ; Built ' Royal Tombs' with corbelled vaults identical in structure
and details 'with Royal Tomb of Isopata; Openings in masonry connected

with blind wells for drink-offerings ; Features in Isopata Tomb explained__

blind openings backed by virgin soil; Further parallel supplied by smaller
built tomb at Isopata; Minoan types of vessel associated with Ras-Shamra

Tombs; Mouthpiece of faience ' rhyton' from Assur of L. M. I a fabric;

Votive silver bowl from Ras-Shamra deposit presenting graffito inscription
of Class B.

On the Syrian side, almost directly East of the point of the long pro-
jecting horn of Cyprus, the discoveries—epoch-making in more than one
direction—of Professor Claude F.-A. Schaeffer and his collaborators of the
French Mission have brought to light what seems to be something more
than a merely commercial plantation from Late Minoan Crete.
Evi- Here opens the little, almost land-locked cove, still called, as in

Minoan Classical times,1 the White Haven—Minet-el-Beida—from its low chalk cliffs
plantation an(j rociCS] while, a little inland, rises the ' Tell ' of Ras-Shamra—'Fennel
ei-iieida Hill'—the site of an ancient acropolis, the relations of which with Egypt,
Shamra!" attested by local monuments, go back well into the Middle Empire. The
fact that ihe great Cypriote emporium of Saiamis (Enkomi) lay directly
opposite accounts for the early preponderance of imports from that side,
and there seems to have been some actual mercantile settlement, but
what specially concerns our present subject is the remarkable evidence that
has resulted from these excavations of intimate contact with the new
Minoan lords of Cyprus, and the conclusive proof that they had actually
obtained a footing in this Syrian haven.

The fact itself has great importance in its general bearing on the
diffusion of Minoan influence by the easy route of transit thence along the

1 A.CVKOS h.ijxrjv.