Universitätsbibliothek HeidelbergUniversitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Evans, Arthur J.
The Palace of Minos: a comparative account of the successive stages of the early Cretan civilization as illustred by the discoveries at Knossos (Band 4,2): Camp-stool Fresco, long-robed priests and beneficent genii [...] — London, 1935

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yii7- Epilogue: Part III. Discovery of Temple Tomb : Upper Shrine
and Pillar Crypt with Rock-cut Sepulchral Chamber below.

Clue supplied by finding of Signet-ring; Lateral glen, of river ror<re
South of Knossos; Discovery of Chamber Tombs; Presumed tomb-robber's
cache with choice beads of gold and other materials—dated to L. M. Is, /,y

pottery, &c.; Discovery near by of Temple Tomb; Upper Structures__

Column-base and Horns of Consecration; A small Upper 'Temple; It's
entrance from paved roof terrace; Traces of red painted stucco on walls ■
Full evidence supplied of timber floor supports ; The Pillar Crypt below and
Double Axes finely cut on blocks; Entrance from Crypt to Sepulchral
Chamber cut in rock; A ' Temple Tomb' like that of Minos in Sicily; Its
clearance necessitates sinking shaft 2} feet through rock ; Rock chamber with
central'pillar; Massive cypress cross-beams above vault; Interspaces of
rock ceiling painted kyanos blue; Plain clay vessels within, M. M. Ill b, but
valuables {including ring) removed; Sepulchral chamber itself a ritual
Pillar Crypt; Cupped offertory block of igneous stone—of prehistoric Egyp-
tian type; Derivatives of similar blocks in Early Miuoan Ossuaries, accom-
panied by other objects of early Nilotic tradition ; Other prehistoric Egyptian
stone vessels from Knossos ; Religious connexion with Delta ; Knossos solitary
Cretan find-spot of early imported Egyptian stone vessels, prehistoric and
proto-dyuastic ; Middle and New Empire connexions with Crete recalled;
Increasing Egyptiauization under Late Dynasty.

Clue afforded by the Signet-ring.

Clue The glen in which the gold signet-ring had been picked up was over-

byfindino looked in succession by two rocky headlands, the detritus from these

of signet- covering" the lower parts of their limestone steeps. As in similar cases, this

Lateral circumstance rendered the banks thus formed a promising hunting ground

glen of j- t[ e eiltrace passages of rock-cut tombs. Conditions so favourable,
river .

gorge io superadded to the discovery of what could not be less than a royal relic,
knossos. decided me to organize a massed attack on the position for the ensuing

season of 1931.
Discovery Trenches dug along the borders of the lower slope of the headland

of Cham- t0 die South revealed the existence of a series of chamber tombs. These
Tombs, had been a good deal ruined and disturbed, but the Fourth Tomb was

found to contain, with minor relics, a fine spouted bowd in the ' marine

L. M. I b style illustrated above.1

1 P. 279, Fig. 214.