Universitätsbibliothek HeidelbergUniversitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Evans, Arthur J.
The Palace of Minos: a comparative account of the successive stages of the early Cretan civilization as illustred by the discoveries at Knossos (Band 4,2): Camp-stool Fresco, long-robed priests and beneficent genii [...] — London, 1935

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{109. Later Phase of West Magazines, Upper and Lower—'Cereal'

Tablets and Basement Oil Storage : Types of Oil Jars or Pithoi.

Discovery of Standard Weight—' Balance ' and ' Ingot' Signs on

Clay Inventories.

Clay settlings counter marked by signs of Script B— derived, with tablets,
from upper chambers; The Upper West Magazines; Stored grains and
• Granary' tablets precipitated into Lower Magazine }; Bifid vegetable
slm—perhaps Millet—suggestive of Millet beer; Appearance on lentoid
signet; Barley sign—ears moulded on jugs, also oat-like sprays ; Enclave of
' Kaselles'—once Treasure Cists ; Larger vats for oil; Final phase of West
Magazines—oil storage predominant, with superficial basins; Degenerate
survival of' Medallion ' type among later pithoi; True ' Medallion' pithoi on
earlier floors, others transferred to later floors; Evidence of original plait-
work bands on ' Medallion' pithoi / Its bearing on steatite examples found in
'Atreus' tomb ; M. M. Ill prototypes of normal pithoi of L. M. II Class ;
L. M. I b inscribed pithoi from Phaestos; Influence of L.M. I painted
designs on pithoi of later class—plant designs, loop decoration and sacral
' Adder mark '; Rim profiles of pithoi ; ' Bottle-shaped' class derived from
basketry ; Evidence of about 200 pithoi in position—accommodation for fSo
in W. Magazines ; Estimate of total oil storage; Roofing over of Magazines
VII-X—remains of painted dadoes; Discovery of'standard Palace weightwith
octopus reliefs, representing light talent; Copper ingots of this talent weight;
Late Palatial disk-shaped weights; Their graduated numeration and equiva-
lence to Egyptian units ; Others answering to light Babylonian standard;
Equations with Egyptian gold units ; ' Ox-head' and' Sphendonoid' weight ;
'Balance' sign on libation vase of hard stone with boustrophedon inscription ;
The sign {jakavrov) on tablets, coupled with ' ingot'—60 with one-eighth
deducted; Late Miuoan ' dumps', predecessors of Coinage—electrmn example
from Palace site; Gold rings and bars mediums of Currency—a Miuoan
'shilling' (shilling); Discovery of gold'Weight seal'—an Egyptian gold unit.

In addition to the considerable hoards of clay sealings found in the Inscribed

■p. . 1 c aysei

Uomestic Quarter of the Palace (where they were to a large extent derived ings from
from the ' Room of the Archives') repeated finds of these were brought to zine' aga"
light, above the floor level in excaVating the West Magazines. In this counter-

' & ... marked

case, even more than in the other, these were associated with the remains bysign-

of large deposits of clay tablets of the Linear Class B. SsSipt

As in the former case, moreover, several of these sealings had been B-