D I R
take for granted that he has eyelafhes, than be fall
to fee them : and the fame idea applies to a variety of
petite and minute articles.
Seduced by the defire of high finifhing, it often
happens that an artift pays more attention to fuch
infignificants than they deferve ; but this is labour ill
bellowed, and might be prevented, by recollection of
the fimple proportion, that whatever in a picture, &c.
is heightened, immediately lowers others, and deftroys
the equilibrium : the heightenings therefore of details
injures the nobler and more important parts, occafions
a drynefs and fterility in the piece, and indicates a
petite genius, rather than a liberal enthufiafm ; nor is
it always that labour attains its propofed effect, a few
fmart touches, well placed, and boldly applied, often
hit better expreffion, &c. than all poffible exactnefs about
trifles ; to whofe execution a bungler is equal—
The meaneft fculptor in the Emilian fquare
Can imitate in brafs the nails and hair -}
Expert at trifles, and a learned fool.
Able to work a part, but not compofe a whole.
DIRTY, is fpoken of colours, when by mixtures of
inimical pigments, the refults is a difagreeable, and heavy
compound. This fault is by all means to be avoided,
efpecially in hiftoric, and portrait painting; in land-
fcape, almofi any colour may be ufed in fome place or
other, but limplicity, and clearnefs of tints are ever
In repairing an old picture, it is often neceffary to
dirty the colours, in order to match them more clofelj
to the faded and embrowned colours of the piece,