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BIAHMU.

S3

J »

Zilla myagroides, Forsk.

Lychnis cceli-rosa, L.

Tamarix nilotica, Ehrenb.

Hibiscus (sp. ?).

Elseocarpus serratus, L.

Linum humile, Mill.

Balsamodendron myrrha, Nees. (resin), f

Vitis vinifera, L.

,, v. corinthiaca, L.

Medicago denticulata, Willi
Trifolium alexandrinum, L.
Cicer arietinum, L.
Vicia Faba, L.
Lens esculenta, Mcench.
Pisum sativum, L.
,, arvense, L.
Acacia arabica, Willd.
Rosa sancta, Richards.
Pyrus domestica, L.
Prunus persica, Bth. and Hook.
Myrtus communis, L.
Lawsonia inermis, Lamk.
Punica granatum, L.
Epilobium hirsutum, L.
Cucumis sativus, L.

„ Melo, L.
Lagenaria vulgaris, Ser.
Galium tricorne, With.
Coriandrum sativum, L.
Torilis infesta, L.
Chrysanthemum coronariuni, L.
Centaurea depressa, M. Bieb.
Gnaphalium luteo-album, L.
Mimusops Schimperi, Hochst.
Styrax Benzoin, Dry. (resin).f
Olea europea, L.

„ v. nubica, Schwnf.

Cordia Myxa, L.
Cuscuta arabica, L.
Solanum dulcamara, L.
Origanum Majorana, L.
Celosia argentea, L.
Rumex dentatus, L.
Laurus nobilis, L.
Ficus Sycomorus, L.
Juglans regia, L.
Quercus suber, L. (cork).
Juniperus phoenicia, L.
Pinus pinea, L.
Narcissus Tazetta, L.
Phoenix dactylifera, L.
Hyphsene thebaica, Mart.
Cyperus papyrus, L.
Scirpus maritimus, L.
Imperata cylindrica, L.
Saccharum egypticum, Willd.
Avena strigosa, Schreb.
Triticum vulgare, L.
Hordeum vulgare, L.

The following is a list of the plants previously
authenticated by specimens from the ancient Egyptian
tombs, but which have not been found among the
vegetable remains discovered at Hawara.

t See Pharmaceutical Journal, vol. xix.., p. 387, 399.

Allionii, Jacq.

colocvnthoides

Delphinium orientale, Gay,
Cocculus Leseba, DC.
Nymphasa lotus, Hook.
Papaver Rhasas, L.
Sinapis arvensis, L., var
Mserua uniflora, Vahl.
Oncoba spinosa, Forsk.
Alcea ficifolia, L.
Linum angustifolium, Huds
Balanites asgyptiaca, Del.
Moringa aptera, Gaertn.
Sesbania aegyptiaca, Pers.
Lathyrus sativus, L.
Cajanus indicus, L.
Citrullus vulgaris, Schrad.,

Schwnf.
Apium graveolens, L.
Ceruana pratensis, Forsk.
Sphseranthus suaveolens, DC.
Carthamus tinctorius, L.
Picris coronopifolia, Asch.
Jasrninum Sambac, L.
Mentha piperita, L.
Ficus Carica, L.
Salix safsaf, Forsk.
Allium sativum, L.
Allium cepa, L.
Calamus fasciculatus, Roxb.
Medemia Argun, P. G. von Wurtemb.
Cyperus esculentus, L.
Andropogon laniger, Desf.
Leptochloa bipinnata, Retz.
Eragrostis abyssinica, LK.
Parmelia furfuracea, Ach.
Usnea phcata, Hoffm.

Note.—The writer of this paper has received many
letters, and has often been asked, whether there is any
truth in the statement that seeds taken from the ancient
tombs had been caused to germinate. It may here be
pointed out that this statement was long ago refuted on the
ground of intentional deceit on the part of the gardener
entrusted with the cultivation (see Journ. Bot., Jan., 1879).
Nevertheless, owing to frequent requests, a series of
experiments ''have been tried on the seeds found in the
Hawara cemetery. The seeds have been planted under as
favourable circumstances as possible, but, as yet, the experi-
ments have resulted in absolute failure.

CHAPTER VIII.

BIAHMU.

6y. When, six years ago, I visited the two so-called
pyramids of Biahmu, about four miles north of Medi-
net el Fayum, I concluded from their» appearance
that it was very unlikely that they had really been
pyramids, but rather that they were courts surrounding
two great pedestals on which statues had stood. This
 
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