Riou, Stephen
The Grecian orders of architecture: delineated and explained from the antiquities of Athens ; also the parallels of the orders of Palladio, Scamozzi and Vignola — London, 1768

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A N B X HAN.XTIOM OF THE S E V E R A L
Tlic belt boars and boldcst Tailors in the Archipelago are those from the little issand of Hydrca
""dole to the coast os Morea ; they go with oars in a calm, and have very large Iatine sails.
IV. The Introduction.
A composition for a bassb relievo, considing of antique trophies, partly taken from some of the
compartments of Ovid's tomb, and partly srom the pedeslal of the Trajan column, and srom
Polydore. The Cornu-copia and serpents are emblems of plenty and health, while the suspended
arms remind us of that security and protection which only can be insured to a state, by not suf
fering its martial spirit to be totally extinguissied, and its discipline ruined: what an easy prey
would any country in such a situation become, either to the surprizes* or the more formal attacks
of treacherous and ambitious enemies ? The luxury and idlcness of peaceable times, are apt to
make men ssight the heroic virtues ot their ancestors.
The motto to this ornament is taken from Cicerovs oration for Miirama. Omnes urbana re:
omnia bac nojlra prxclaraJittdia, Os hac forensis laus & indujlria, latent in tutda, ac pra-Jidio bellies
virtutis.
V. At the End of the Grecian Orders.
Pegasus alighting upon Helicon, slrikes the rock with his hoof, and opens the Hlppocrenean
springs, sacred to Apollo and the Muses. Mention is made by Paiisanias of a temple dedicated
to Minerva chalinitida; because sbe had been kind enough to send this winged horse, ready bridled
and thoroughly bitted, to Bellerophon, who takes him while he is drinking at the fountain Pyrene
"by Corinth, for his intended expedition against ther Chimera. The Chimera, was a dreadful
monster, supposed to have the head of a Lioness, the tail of a Dragon, and the body of a Goat-.
Mediis in partibus Mr cum
Pectus & ora lea, caudam Serpetitis habebat.

t

Hesiod gives her the three heads
Sphinx, and of the Nemean Lion.

of those three animals, and makes her the dam of the

This design is from a fine cornelian intaglio of the Abbate dclla Torre; it bears the name of
Socrates for the engraver. The same subject is represented nearly as large as the life, in a mar-
ble ballb-relievo at the palace Spada in Rome.
The fable of Bellcrophon, like all others, has been variously explained ; some iuppo/ing that
by the winged horse, was signified his rapid conquests over three nations; the one having the
courage of Lions, another inhabiting a mountainous country, like Goats, and the third possessing
all the wiles and cunning of Serpents. But others have imagined the Chimera to have been a
{hip belonging to a famous pirate, whom Bellerophon defeated, and that Bellerophon's velTel was
ornamented with a winged horse, or was named Pegasus, from the swiftness of its sailing.
To return to the fable. The preemption of Bellerophon in attempting to sly up to heaven
upon his winged steed, was puniihed by his being cast down on a plain in Cilicia, where he was
lest destitute and blind to spin out a long and miferablc life: Jupiter prepared him this punish-
ment, by sending a fty to sting Pegasus in his aerial slight. The moral is, that the mort uninter-
rupted prosperity, mould never make one engage in a rash enterprise, which generally ends in en-
tire ruin.

VI. Remarks concerning publicl and private Edisices.
This composition is for an ornament in alto relievo; it represents the two eagles as placed at
the base of the Trajan column ;• between them, upon a Doric tablet, is the face of the Apollo
Belvedere; this statue will ever be etteemed one of the rare wonders of artj it is an intellectual
image, and the artisthas taken no more of matter, than what was necessary to render his idea visi-
ble,-
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