"TYPES d'eSPAGNOLBS " by i. zuloaga
Such, then, are some of the aspects in which
the great gifts of Zuloaga reveal themselves.
This entirely Spanish painter, whose every work
shows his profound love of life, and his wonder-
ful faculty of seizing and realising it in all its
manifestations, has already produced eighty pic-
tures, many of which hold a prominent place in
the galleries of Brussels, Ghent, Vienna, Berlin,
Stuttgart, Budapest, Posen, and Venice—in a
word, in some of the finest collections in Europe.
And when one thinks that the artist who paints
with such masterful ease is only thirty-three years
of age, there should be no hesitation in ranking him
with the greatest artistic personalities of our time ;
for in honouring him we honour the restorer of
grand painting in Spain, and the worthy descen-
dant of our proudest and most glorious masters.
ANEW METHOD OF DECORA-
TION FOR BOUND BOOKS—
THE " VELLUCENT " PRO-
Some years ago a remarkable method of
decoration for the binding of books originated
in the fertile mind of Mr. Cedric Chivers of Bath,
and after making several experiments, which gave
promise of future successful employment of
artists with fresh ideas of treatment, he requested
the writer of this article to prepare designs for
binding to be produced under the required
conditions. Specially selected skins of clear
unstretched vellum were the simple and legiti-
mate means employed, and after a few further
trials and experiments, the result proved the
new method to be wider in scope and more
varied in its range of artistic possibilities
than any previously attempted.
Since the art of gilding leather was intro-
duced into Europe from the East, about the
year 1470, by the Venetians, nothing new in
the external decoration of books has been
achieved which gives such endless opportunities
for beautiful and permanent decoration as does
the transparent vellum, or "Vellucent," method.
Originally, leather-bound books depended for
decoration mainly upon the blind impressions
the leather received from brass dies or blocks.
The introduction of gold was a distinct ad-
vance, giving as it did a more brilliant
LEVANT BINDING WITH PANELS of " VELLUCENT"
DESIGNED BY H. GRANVILLE FELL
EXECUTED by CEDRIC CHIVERS