Ars: časopis Ústavu Dejín Umenia Slovenskej Akadémie Vied — 4.1970

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represents an integral part of the Renaissance recon-
struction.
9 . . . una lampa ardens ante sacrarium corporis Christi
in ecclesia nostra parochiali virginis gloriose ewis tem-
poribus poterit indefincienter conservari. The Kremnica
municipal archive, tomus I, fons 23, fase. 1, Nro 2;
Křižko, Geschichte der Römisch-katholischen Kirchen-
gemeinde in Kremnitz, Budapest 1887, 46.
10 0 účelu československých rotund (On the fonction
of Czechoslovak rotundas), CCH XLII, 1936, 329 sq.
V. Richter has identified in our country the following
Romanesque charnel-houses: Slovakia — Banská Štiav-
nica, Kremnica; South Moravia — Moravské Budějovice,
Hrádek (Erdberg), Vranov, Bítov, Šatov (Schattau),
Stonařov. Cf. V. Richter, Rotunda ve Stonařově u Jihlavy
(Rotunda in Stonařov near Jihlava), PA XXXV, 1926/
27, 607.
11 V. Šmilauer, Vodopis starého Slovenska (Hydro-
graphy of Old Slovakia), Bratislava 1932, 121.
12 G. Fejér, 1. c. Vi/1, 345 sq.: “Quandam particulam
terrae de terra eiusdem villae (of Badin) iuxta terrain
quandam villae Keremnicze existentem, quam pro
concambio alterius terrae iidem populi habuerunt.
13 Die Gründung von Kremnitz und das Kremnitzer
Bergrecht, Karpathenland 1928, 146.
14 Sídelný zeměpis Kremnice (Residential geography of
Kremnica), Bratislava 1948, 34.
15 Všeslovanské, pùv. krémy, (Old-Slavonic, orig.
,,krémy“) gen . . . ene; V. Machek, Etymologický slovník
jazyka českého a slovenského ( Etymological dictionary
of Czech and Slovakian ), Prague 1957.
16 Cf. V. Richter, Stedověká Telč (Medieval Telč)
Prague 1948, 5, and Hurt, Lomnicko za feudalismu
(Lomnice in the feudal era), Lomnice 1967, 6.
17 The present old Kremnička at the mouth of the
Kremnica Brook. The earliest documents referring to the
existence of Kremnička come from the late Middle Ages.
18 Hic ponitur ordo molendinorum, vallis Kolnery etc.
Baba stara. L. Fejérpatsky, Magyarországi városok
régi számadáskonyvei, Budapest 1885, 625.
19 In the year 1281 Ladislav IV bestowed upon “komes
Peter” terram cuiusdam ville Gay vocate”, G. Fejér,
1. c., X/3, 267.
20 The regulär ground-plan of this part of town is in
conformity with the formulation of a Kremnica document
of 1409, which wants to testify that King Charles I of
Anjou established the town by a new decree: “Carolus
Hungariae Rex suam civitatem Crempnicziensem tune
temporis actu noue plantationis erectam . . .” The
municipal archive of Kremnica 1/11. 1. 2/c. M. Matunák,
Z dějin slobodného a hlavného banského města Kremnice
(From the history of the free and capital mining town
Kremnica), Kremnica 1928, 90.
21 L. Fejérpatsky, 1. c., 632; T. Lamoš, 1. c., 77.
22 G. Fejér, 1. c., V/3, 354.
23 As to fortified churchyards, cf. R. K. Don in,
Karner in Niederösterreich. Zur Kunstgeschichte Österreichs
Wien—Innsbruck—Wiesbaden 1954, 62. For church
fortifications we must také both Štiavnica churches.

in which the west tribunes evidently have fortifying
functions. The use of the term “ecclesia propria”, for two
churches of the same center of the mining area, both of
which originated about the middle of the 13th Century,
appears rather problematic.
24 F. Bokes, Dějiny Slovákov a Slovenska (History
of the Slovaks and of Slovakia), Slovenská vlastivěda IV,
Bratislava 1946, 79; J. Šus ta, Soumrak Přemyslovců
a jejich dědictví (Sunset of the Přemyslides and tneir
héritage). České dějiny II/1, Prague 1935.
25 G. Fejér, 1. c., VIII/3, 295: universis hospitibus
nostris ad Cremnychbana Congregatis.
26 T. Lamoš, 1. c., 46.
27 Lupoldus Magister Machinarum domini régis per
Ungariam, cornes cammrarum in Kremnicia.
28 Monumenta ecclesiae Strigoniensis III, Strigonii
1924, 255 sq.
29 V. Mencl, Vývoj okna v architektuře českého středo-
věku (Development of the window in the Czech medieval
architecture). Zprávy památkové péče XX, 1960, Fig.
211/4; 9.
30 Of the stylistic elements of these portais the rich,
deeply undereut mouldings ascending, without any
interruption in the abutment, into the archivolt are
familiar to us in the Danubian architecture from the latě
Romanesque era (cf. R. K. Don in, Romanische Portale
in Nieder Österreich, Wien 1915, 32), which working
method was gradually applied also to simpler types
of our Gothic portais. The merging of profilation from
the plane of the prismatic base eut off aslant at the top
may be followed since the last third of the 13th Century
(V. Mencl, Vývoj středověkého portálu v zemích českých —
Development of the medieval portal in the Czech provinces
— ZPP XX, 1960, Fig. 110, 113). The section of the
moulding, displaying a compressed pear form, accom-
panied with deep grooves, appears on the scene in the
beginning of the 14th Century (V. Mencl, 1. c., 131).
31 Expenses: nuntiis ad magistrům Thabarnicorum;
cursori, quem misi ( = iudex Hainczmannus) cum literis
magistři Tarnicatorum ad Puckanum (Pukanec) et
Montern Regis (Nová Baňa — Königsberg). L. Fejér-
patsky, 1. c., 7.
32 L. Fejérpatsky, 1. c., 89.
33 G. Fejér, 1. c., X/4, 818.
34 He is alluded to in the year 1393 as “Jacobus iudex
de Badd, wlgariter Fravenmargt”. Matunák, 1. c..
136.
35 From 1424 on ward all the mining towns became the
property of the Hungarian queens. In a document issued
in 1442 in Pressburg, in which Queen Elizabeth appointed
Jan Jiskra of Brandýs Commander in Cbief of the forces
of the mining confédération, Kremnica was referred to
as the center of this Organization. “Als euch wissentlich,
das wir unsern getrewen Jan Gyskra, unsern Haubtmann
in Czips . . . daselbst auff der Crempnicz und all ander
unser Pergsteten, in die gancz Graffschafft in Sol, euch
zu einem Haubtmann gesetzet und die zubeschczen
und zubeschirmen beuohlen haben . . . Archive Kremnica,
I. 26. 1. 14a.

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