Universitätsbibliothek HeidelbergUniversitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Britton, John
The architectural antiquities of Great Britain: represented and illustrated in a series of views, elevations, plans, sections, and details, of ancient English edifices ; with historical and descriptive accounts of each (Band 5) — 1835

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ABBREVIATIONS.—Ch.-Church:—Chap.—Chapel:—Pr. Ch.—Priory Church :—Ab. Ch__Abbey Church :—Cath. Ch.—

Cathedral Church :—Ch. H.—Chapter House :—Co. Chap.—Collegiate Chapel.

Abbeys and Priories, number of, temp. Hen. III. 16;

the appropriation, &c. of, 18.
Abbots, their power and authority, 18.
Aberdeen (Earl of), says the Pointed style occurs in

eastern buildings anterior to any in Europe, 46;

style introduced into Christendom, at once, with all

its distinctive features, 47 ; opposed by Dr. Milner,


Alfred, his monastic foundations, 105.

Alien Priories, intention and use of, 19.

Anglo-Saxons, establishment of, in Britain, 5; de-
stroyed the British monasteries, 6; superstitions in-
troduced by, 13.

Arcades. See former Index.

Arches, chronological series of, described, PI, No.
81, 82.

Architects and founders of buildings, list of, Appen-
dix, No. I.

Architectural Monuments, list of, and remarks on, Ap-
pendix, No. III.

---Dictionary, or Glossary, Appendix, No.


Architecture, its excellence, 1; of the Greeks, Romans,
and middle ages, ib.

—--ecclesiastical, its importance, 2, 3 ; its

comparative peimanency, 86.

-British, 86; military, 87; religious, 88.

-■-- Christian, its nomenclature capricious,

24; subdivided into five species, ib.; by whom inves-
tigated and illustrated, 26, 27 ; admixture of styles
after the Conquest, 27.

--Norman, superior to that of the Saxons,

112; Wilkins's proposed criterion of, ib.; essential
characteristics, 113; West fronts of Norman build-
ings noticed, and specimens enumerated, 113, 114.

Architecture, Roman, in Britain, 89 ; relics and decline
of, ib.; specimens of, 156, &c.

—--Saxon, before the Conquest, 1, 27; suc-
ceeded by a mixture of Gothic and Saracenic, ib.;
difficulty of assigning buildings to it, 110 ; supposed to
be all timber, 97 ; derived from the Roman, 107; no

perfect examples of it supposed to exist, 108, 110;
Mr. Garbett's opinion relative to, 109 ; probable relics
of, at Westminster noticed, 110; probable specimens
of, 165, &c.
Ascetics, their mode of life, 10.

Aubrey's Specimens of Windows, 34; observations on

Architecture, 35.
Augustine, his mission to Britain, 7.
Aveline's Tomb, in Westm. Ab. Cb. 132.
Aymer de Valence, his tomb in Westm. Ab. Ch. 134.


Barfreston Ch. indicates the dawn of Pointed Architec-
ture, 115.

Barry (James) on Pointed Architecture, 41.
Barton (Earl's) Tower described, 165, PI. Nos. 3, 4.

-St. Peter's, Tower, described, 167, PI. No. 5.

Bath Ab. Ch. noticed, 154.

Bells, on the early use of, 106, note.

Bell Tower. See Tower.

Bentham (Rev. J.) supposes the Pointed Style origina-
ted in England, 52; vindicated from Dr. Milner's
charge, ib. N.; thinks the Porticus of Saxon churches
was the side aile, 98 ; controverted by Mr. Wilkins,
ib. ; his opinion of cruciform churches opposed by
Dr. Milner, 106.

Beverley Minster, history and description, 194, and five
Plates. No. 41-45.

Biscop, founder of Weremouth Monastery, 100.

Bolton, master of the works Hen. VII.'s Chap. 152.

Boston Tower described, 206, Pis. Nos. 64, 65.

Bray (Sir Reginald), his chantry, in St. George's
Chapel, 151; conjectured to have designed Henry
VII.'s Chapel, 152.

Britain, progress of religion in, 2-23 ; its emancipation
from the yoke of Rome, 6 ; its clergy munificently
rewarded, 12.

British Churches, ancient, at Verulam, Whithern, &c.
93; repaired by Aurelius Ambrosius and Arthur, ib.

Brixworth Ch. Northamptonshire, description of,