Cockerell, Charles Robert
The temples of Jupiter Panhellenius at Aegina and of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae near Phigaleia in Arcadia: to which is add a memoir of the systems of proportion employed in the original design of these structures — London, 1860

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DETAILS OF THE TEMPLE.

31

w «. o i^r«P«linp phase and passing a rope therein had this conve-
The method of raising stones by cutting a horseshoe chase i s t>

i jh d-nA onri finished and the rope easily drawn out when the stones
nience that the joints might be accurately adjusted and finished, ana V J

n ! +i,« i«i«+a wprp most exposed to view, and their correct adjustment

were fixed. This method is observed wherever the joints were most expo-b ,

• xi * ni a+nn*a nf thP pmstvlium, the cornice, and the fascia over the cella ,
seemed of great importance, as in the external stones of the epistylium,

r •„„« +},. fpvtnrp miffht not perhaps endure the application

and when the stone is soft the method is a safe one, since the texture mign* P r

of the lewis, a method frequently used in the temples of Sicily.

4-t „xa™Qi ono-lp^tone of the epistylium, in which the weight
This reason, however, does not apply to the external angle stone P y ,

depended on a small portion, as exhibited in Plate XL, fig. 3. The interior epistylium is carried by thele^

Vitruvius describes the methods of raising weights by blocks (rechamus, trispaston, and P»^^>^^

or five pulleys* He describes also the forceps, but not the lewis, ^^T^**™1"^

p ^„r>^i o+ A+hpnq at a later date was the instrument

enough in all Grecian buildings ; perhaps the forceps found at Athens

commonly in use in his time.

PLATE XII.

Patera, and the ivory eye of the idol of Jupiter, already described.

PLATE XIII.

, * • o+ xup po.t end of the Temple, which is larger and more

Fig. 1. Describes the fragments of the Acrotenon, at the east end V

elaborate than that of the west end.

x-i? 1+i„+ i+ rlpqprves a full-sized outline : its commencement
Fig. 2. The contour of the capital is so beautiful that it deserves a tun rpmarked

from the hypotrachelion, giving a graceful development to the top of the flutmgs, is to be remarked.

Fig. 3. The profile of the marble cymatium in Parian marble in full size, with the painted enrichment
thereon.

The grifiin in ,, , which fonned the ornament - «-£- -he -—;::3bla—de

indifferently to an the Godsons ^f^^TX^l^ *- - — of Ahdera
ruins; one had already been drseover d ^^ other ^ rf „y> and was of

and Teos ; it was inserted npon the top of the sqnare phn ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^

extraordinary elegance of execution and nmsn. 8 F firgt .^ ^ ^.^

plinth, and first portion of the eymatinm were wrought in one pieee, g

by a dowel.

* Book x. ch. 11.

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J. d, Terraces

e Entrance /<• the Caye

h Temples
C c Prapylea



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