Barrow, John [Editor]
Dictionarium Polygraphicum: Or, The Whole Body of Arts Regularly Digested: Illustrated with Fifty-six Copper-Plates. In Two Volumes (Band 2) — London, 1758

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29S S U L

laying her hand upon the head of a goat, with an eringo-branch
in her mouth, a narcifius flower in her left hand, crowned with
the fame.—The goat denotes Stupidity ; the narcifius is derived
from the Greek, narche, flupid ; and Narcifius fo in love with
himfeif grew ftupid, and was drowned : The eringo is a ftupi-
fying plant.

SUBLIMATE, is a chymical preparation, the bafis whereof
is mercury or quickfiiver. It is prepared of mercury, either crude
or revived from cinnabar, together with fpirit of nitre and vitriol,
lixiviated to a whitenefs, and fea-falt decrepitated, the whole re-
duced into a white brilliant mafs by fublimation. It is white,
and full of mining cryftalline veins. It cannot a£t, unlefs it find
fome humidity to act upon, and is then a violent poifon.

To prove the govdnefs of Sublimate.— Call it on the coals,
and if it is good, it will burn of a blue flame; but if it make any
other colour, it is naught, and has arfenic in it. Or : Take the
Sublimate, and drop thereon a few drops of oleum tartari perde-
liquium ; if it turns the fubftance of a deep yellow, reddifh, or
orange tawney, it is good; but if not, or it be black, there is
arfenic in it.

SUCCOUR, is reprefented, in painting, &c. by a man in
armour, with a drawn fword in one hand, and an oaken branch
and acorns in the other.—Armed, to help the weak and necef-
fitous; the branch, to help in time of fcarcity and famine with
the acorns, for anciently men had recourfe to that fruit in time
of need, it being dedicated to Jupiter, who fuccours every one.

Euftacele SUEUR, born in the year 1617, a fcholar of Vouet's,
lived at Paris, excelled in hiftory, died in the year 1696, aged
eighty years.

SUFFERING, is reprefented, in painting, &c. by a woman
that looks to be pretty old, feeming to fupport a huge ftone with
this motto, Rebus me fervo fecundis.—To fuffer is, as it were,
to bear fome weight, not taking notice of its weight, aiming at
iome good ; and fo men ought to bear fatigues for the love of
virtue; the motto denotes the end of Suffering, which is reft and
quietnefs, becaufe the hope of probable benefits make us endure
all fatigues willingly.

SULPHUR, a fat, uncluous, mineral fubftance, fufible and
inflammable by fire, and not diflblubleor capable of being mingled
with water.

Sulphur, properly fo called, or brimftone, is of three kinds ;
viz. vivum, mineral, and common fulphur.

Sulphur vivum is thus called, as being fuch as it is taken out
ef the mine 3 it is a kind of greyifh argillous clay, which eafily
takes fire; and in burning emits a ftrong fulphureous fmell, and,
by reafon of its colour, it is fometimes called grey Sulphur. It

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