and caft down towards the cheeks; the noftrils fwelled up, and
all the mufcles and veins of -the forehead apparent.
The mouth is half open, the corners hanging down, and
making wrinkles in the cheeks; the under lip appears turned
down and pouting out; the whole face appears drawn together
and wrinkled ; the colour very red, efpecially about the eye-
brows, eyes, nofe, and cheeks. See plate XXL
WEST, is reprefented, in painting, &c. by an old man in a
ruflet garment, with a red girdle, in which are Gemini, Libra,
and Aquarius. He is muzzled ; a ftar on the crown of his head ;
his right arm extended towards the earth, with his little finger he
ihews the Weft part, where the fun fets; with, his left he holds
a bundle of poppies. The air dufkifh, and bats flying.—His gar-
ment denotes the fun's fettingand almoft deprived of light; the
#ar Hefperus, over his head, as appearing in the Weft in the
clofe of the evening ; the poppy, fleep, being a foporiferous'plant.
WHITE, is one of the colours of natural bodies; but it is
not fo properly fa id to be of any colour, as a compofition of all
colours. See COLOURS.
Whites for painting In miniature. The beft White that is
pretended to be fold for painting in water colours, is flake
White, which is better than White lead ground ; and, if it be
pure, far exceeds it in beauty, becaufe White lead is apt to turn
blackifh, efpecially if it be ufed in a hard water.
But fome recommend a White made of pearl or the whiter
parts of oifter-fhells, reduced into an impalpable powder fo foft,
as to feel like grounds of ftarch or hair powder ; this is by fome
called pearl White, but it is not commonly fold. This White
will mix well with any colour.
But, if you ufe White lead, firft rectify it with White wine
vinegar; this will caufe a fermentation, and the White will foon
fettle; then pour off the vinegar, and wafh it with common
water. The method of wafhing it is this :
. Put the powder into a glafs of water, ftir it about, and pre-
fently pour off the water, while it is White, into fome other
clean glafs or veffel; let it fettle, and then pour off the water
from it, and it will be excellently fine.
When this White is fettled, put to it as much gum water as
is neceffary to bind it or to give it a glaze.
It is obfervable, that White lead will turn black, if mixed with
water that comes from iron or clay ; that is, in the fpace of a
month or two, you may perceive thofe places where it lies thick-
eft tinged with black, and, if it be mixed with any other colour,
it will foon change or alter it.
Some recommend the powder of egg-fhells of the brighteft
colour and well cleaned and wafJhed3 as very good to be ground